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Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)

 

The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.

For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here

Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.

The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013

 

 

News updates

 

(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)

27 November 2014:
The Malaysian Prime Minister suggested to the country's Parliament that new anti-terrorism laws are needed in order to strengthen the already existing ones. The statement was expressed due to particular concern about citizens returning home to Malaysia with extremist ideology after fighting alongside Islamic State  militants in conflict zones of Syria and Iraq.  

27 November 2014:
The European Parliament passed a resolution today whereby the MEPs strongly condemned the "numerous atrocities committed by Islamic State, targeting specifically women, which amount to crimes against humanity" and called on the Iraqi government to ratify the Rome Statute in order to allow the ICC to prosecute the war crimes committed by the Islamic State.

27 November 2014: Croatian lawmakers urged the ICTY to take Vojislav Seselj back into custody because he has spread "ethnic and national hatred and intolerance, insulting and humiliating (war crimes) victims" since his release in early November for cancer treatment. 

26 November 2014: Amnesty International acknowledged that five years have passed since the Maguindanao massacre took place in the Philippines in 2009 and the cases are still inching through the Philippines court system. Nagayo Taniguchi, a leader of the International Press Association (IPA), said a review of the case is needed in order to determine whether the case could be lodged before the ICC.

26 November 2014: New research by Dignity, the Danish Institute against Torture, revealed that “widespread and gross” human rights violations in Libya, including disappearances, arrests, torture and deaths, have had negative mental health consequences for nearly a third of the Libyans.

25 November 2014: The Association for the Prevention of Torture congratulated Morocco for becoming the 76th State party to the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT) and part of a growing community of States that prevent human rights violations and take concrete actions to protect persons from torture and ill-treatment.

25 November 2014: The Supreme Court of Peru rejected the appeal of Alberto Fujimori, former Peruvian President, to have his 25-year sentence reduced and be transferred to house arrests. Alberto Fujimori was convicted in 2009 for crimes against humanity of having ordered the murder of 25 left-wing activists in the war against the Maoist Shining Path movement.

25 November 2014: Theresa May, the UK Home Secretary, announced on Monday the new Counter-Terrorism and Security Bill to be introduced by the government on Wednesday. The bill will help the British authorities to prevent radicalisation, strengthen the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures (TPIMs) regime, provide powers to disrupt and control the movements of people who go abroad to fight and improve borders' security.

24 November 2014:
On 22 November 2014, the Italian Constitutional Court rendered a judgment declaring unconstitutional certain domestic provisions according to which the Italian courts did not have jurisdiction over actions for damages for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by German military forces during World War II due to state immunity doctrine. 

24 November 2014:
The special tribunal of Bangladesh sentenced to death Mobarak Hossain, a former leader of Bangladesh's ruling party, for committing crimes against humanity during the 1971 independence war against Pakistan.

NEW ON ICD: The case of A and others v. Secretary of State for the Home Department is now available online. It concerns the conjoined appeals of ten men certified by the Secretary of State as suspected international terrorists. However, the men appealed their certification on the basis of information obtained by torture and claimed that the tainted information should not have been admitted.

24 November 2014:
The Cambodia Tribunal decided to adjourn the genocide trial against the former Khmer Rouge leaders until 8 January 2015 after the lawyers of one defendant continued to boycott the trial.

21 November 2014: The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights released a report documenting continued commission of human rights violations in eastern Ukraine despite the entry into force of a ceasefire on 5 September. The report details human rights offences which include torture, arbitrary and incommunicado detention, summary executions, forced labor and sexual violence, as well as the destruction and illegal seizure of property. In addition, it was reported that these violations are of a systematic nature and may amount to crimes against humanity.

21 November 2014: A group of UN experts warned against the potential "imminent" release of a war criminal already convicted for committing genocide in Srebenica and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. The experts raised the issue after the Bosnian Constitutional Court quashed the verdict and ordered a retrial.

20 November 2014:
The High Court of London ruled that the claim of a Pakistani national, allegedly subjected to torture and unlawful detention for 10 years by UK and US forces in Afghanistan, can proceed in the British Courts.  

20 November 2014:
The Protocol on investigating and documenting sexual violence in wartime, released in June during the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict, was welcomed in Sarajevo. It contains guidelines and best practices for the recognition and documentation of cases involving sexual violence.

20 November 2014: The trial of three former Bosnian Police officers, suspect of allegedly committing war crimes against Serbian civilians in the area of Srebrenica from the beginning of June until the end of August 1992, started in the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the indictment, the prisoners were subjected to torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment, while one of the police officers, in charge with overseeing the detention facilities, condoned such behavior.

19 November 2014: The Appeals Chamber of the ICC issued an order scheduling the delivery of its first final appeal judgment on 1 December in the case against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. Lubanga was previously convicted for war crimes by the Trial Chamber I.  

19 November 2014:  Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, urged Iraq to accept the jurisdiction of the ICC in order to put an end to impunity and address grave human rights violations perpetrated by the Islamic State group and other parties in that country. Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein said that "out of the 11 offenses the ICC defines as crimes against humanity, the group is likely guilty of involvement in as many as nine of them".

19 November 2014: A US lawyer representing Abd al Hadi al-Iraqi, a Guantanamo Bay detainee  described as an al Qaeda commander, argued that his client may be classified as a "lawful combatant" according to Article 5 of the Third Geneva Conventions of 1949  and thus receive immunity from prosecution for war crimes.

18 November 2014: A UNGA Committee will today vote on a landmark resolution, concerning the human rights situation in North Korea, which aims to advance justice for crimes against humanity. However, the vote has only the character of a recommendation as the UNSC is the only body able to refer the regime or its young leader Kim Jong Un to the ICC.

18 November 2014: The trial of Laurent Gbagbo, former Ivorian President, will commence before the International Criminal Court on 7 July 2015.  Laurent Gbagbo will stand before the Court for crimes against humanity (murder, rape, other inhumane acts or – in the alternative – attempted murder, and persecution) allegedly committed in Abidjan,  Côte d'Ivoire.

18 November 2014: Erol Incedal, a law student in the UK, was found guilty of terrorism-related offence after a partially-secret trial. While his co-defendant pleaded guilty before the trial started, Incedal denied any terrorist affiliation saying he had reasonable excuse for the bomb-making document found in his possession.

17 November 2014: Bosnian police arrested on Monday 12 Bosnian Serbs suspected for crimes against humanity allegedly committed during an attack on Zecovi, a village where during the 1992-1995 war over 150 Muslim Bosnians were killed, among them 29 women and children.

17 November 2014: A judge of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) warned the defence team of Khieu Samphan  to end the boycott against the Court at the expense of assigning a new defence lawyer. Khieu Samphan stands before the ECCC  for genocide charges, after he already received the life sentence for crimes against humanity

NEW ON ICD: The case of De Haagse Stadspartij et al. v. The Netherlands is now available online. The case concerns a claim brought by a group of Dutch individuals and organisations against the Netherlands asking for the arrest of George W. Bush.  The case was dismissed by the District Court acknowledging it cannot hear cases presenting political questions. In addition, the Court held that it could not prosecute George W. Bush because he enjoyed immunity as head of state.

14 November 2014:  A team of independent UN investigators asserted that the commanders of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) are responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity on a "massive scale" in areas under their control, from northeast Syria, where they spread terror by beheading, stoning and shooting civilians and captured fighters.

14 November 2014: The Spanish National Court endorsed the investigation on incidents of systematic torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of detainees allegedly taking place in Guantánamo Bay after 2001. The Spanish judges rejected the appeal of the district attorney's office according to which judge Pablo Ruz had to withdraw the indictment after the amendment passed in Spain related to the implementation of the so-called universal justice.

14 November 2014:
The American Justice Center (AJC) announced the filling of a criminal complaint against the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Mod for  his alleged role in aiding, abetting and inciting organized attacks against the minorities of Gujarat before and during the genocide of 2002. The complaint has been lodged under Australia’s “The Criminal Code Act 1995” which provides Australian courts jurisdiction over cases involving crimes against humanity worldwide.

13 November 2014The ICC rejected today the Defence challenge to the admissibility of the case against Charles Ble Goude for insufficient gravity. He is allegedly responsible as indirect co-perpetrator for four counts of crimes against humanity.

13 November 2014: The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) together with other human rights organizations filled a complaint before the Bamako Commune III Court of First Instance of Mali on behalf of 80 victims of rape and sexual violence. The complaint contains allegations of crimes against humanity and war crimes committed during the period that armed groups occupied northern Mali in 2012 and 2013. 

13 November 2014: A tribunal in Bangladesh sentenced Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) leader MA Zahid Hossain Khokon to death on six charges of crimes against humanity committed in Faridpur during the Liberation War in 1971.

12 November 2014: During the first day of closing arguments in the Bemba case, the prosecution lawyer, Jean-Jacques Badibanga, asserted that it has been proven that the soldiers who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Central Africa Republic (CAR), between October 2002 and March 2003, were under Jean-Pierre Bemba's authority and effective control. 

12 November 2014:
The Intermediate Court of Mauritius acquitted twelve Somali piracy suspects who attempted to attack a Panama-flagged commercial vessel, MSC Jasmine, in early January 2013.

12 November 2014: The ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, addressed the UNSC  on Tuesday saying that there are  indications that war crimes that fall within the jurisdiction of the ICC  are being committed in Libya. However, despite the growing concern with regard to these crimes, Fatou Bensouda asserted that the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) had to scale down the investigations in Libya due to lack of resources. 

11 November 2014: Secret, internationally approved war crimes indictments against tens of thousands of Nazis, have been handed over to researchers of Soas, University of London, and will become available to the public. The indictments cover, inter alia, the crimes of aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity, modes of liability and international procedures, as well as the development of international criminal justice as a whole.

11 November 2014: 26 former state security agents of the Hissène Habré dictatorship are to stand trial in Chad, on November 14, for allegations of murder, torture, kidnapping, arbitrary detention, and assault and battery. The trial of alleged Habré accomplices comes after the Extraordinary African Chambers in Dakar, Senegal, indicted Habré for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture.

11 November 2014: Amnesty International released a report acknowledging that the authorities in the Philippines are failing to tackle torture, despite the enactment of the Anti-Torture Act in 2009. The Anti-Torture Act recognized torture as a separate crime and provided a number of important guarantees to aid torture survivors seeking redress. However, to date, there is still no conviction under this law even if evidence points out torture is still prevalent in the Philippines.