Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
31 October 2014: The UN Human Rights Committee called on Israel to investigate alleged war crimes committed by its forces during the recent attacks in Gaza. This Israeli attack in the Gaza strip is the third one in seven years and it claimed the death of more than 2.100 people, most of them being civilians.
30 October 2014: The Constitutional Court of South Africa handed down a ground-breaking judgment ruling that South African Police Service (SAPS) must investigate and prosecute crimes against humanity allegedly perpetrated by Zimbabwean officials in 2007. "South Africa will not be a safe haven for perpetrators of the world’s worst crimes” said Nicole Fritz, the executive director of Southern Africa Litigation Centre.
30 October 2014: The British Court of Appeal rendered today a decision allowing a "notorious rendition-to-torture" case against the UK government to go to trial. The case concerns allegations of illegal transfer, torture and other ill-treatment perpetrated against Abdul Hakim Belhaj and Fatima Boudchar by the US and Libyan governments, with the knowledge and cooperation of British officials. It has been acknowledged by the Amnesty International's John Dalhuisen that this decision "sets the stage for some real accountability in the UK, which has been far too long in coming”.
30 October 2014: According to data requested by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice there may be war crimes suspects among the large number of Syrians who are looking for asylum in the Netherlands. The Dutch authorities already declined at least five requests for refugee status from Syrian applicants due to the fact that they are suspected of having committed war crimes in the Syrian war. However, The Netherlands is not able to deport the suspects back to their home countries because their countries of origin would not take them back or because the security situation is too threatening for the person in question.
29 October 2014: Thousands of Kenyans are attempting to sue the British government for compensation in a second Mau Mau case, alleging torture and inhumane treatment during the insurgency against colonial rule in the 1950s. This request for damages comes after a prior Mau Mau case when the UK government already offered financial compensation to 5,228 Kenyans who suffered torture at the hands of the colonial administration during the uprising.
29 October 2014: A special tribunal in Bangladesh sentenced to death Motiur Rahman Nizami, the head of the country's Jamaat-e-Islami party, for his role in the death of thousands of people during the nation's independence war against Pakistan in 1971. He was convicted for genocide, murder, torture and rape.
28 October 2014: Twenty-nine suspected accomplices of Hissène Habré, the former Chadian president, were referred to a criminal court in Chad. Reed Brod, the Human Rights Watch counsel, emphasized that the survivors of the international crimes committed in Chad under Habré’s regime (1982-1990) have been fighting for 24 years to get Habré and his accomplices brought to justice. To this end, the referral of the suspects is considered to be a significant step forward in the victims' fight for justice.
28 October 2014: The Independent federal MP Andrew Wilkie addressed the Office of the Prosecutor of the ICC, urging the body to investigate the Australian Prime Minister and government for allegedly committing crimes against humanity against asylum seekers and refugees in violation of the Rome Statute. However, the chances that the ICC initiates a prosecution against Abbott and his cabinet are minimum, especially because the Australian government would surely reject the ICC’s claim of jurisdiction and deny to hand in his officials for trial before the Court.
27 October 2014: The European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights, together with the British law firm Public Interest Lawyers, presented a file to the ICC Prosecutor documenting more than 400 cases of mistreatment or unlawful killings allegedly committed by British forces during the Iraq war. An investigation into these war crimes might restore the overall credibility of the ICC as the Court was "often labeled as a tool for Western powers to project their sovereignty over weaker countries."
27 October 2014: Top African Prosecutors, attending the annual General Assembly of the Africa Prosecutors' Association, expressed their commitment to work with Rwanda to extradite or prosecute the 1994 Genocide fugitives still at large. The Prosecutor General, Richard Muhumuza, emphasized the need for international cooperation through extradition and mutual legal assistance to apprehend the alleged perpetrators of genocide.
27 October 2014: The government of South Korea condemned a terrorist attack that took place last week in Egypt, killing 30 Egyptian troops and wounding 28 others. The Foreign Ministry emphasized that such acts amount to "crimes against humanity that must be eradicated and South Korea is actively joining the international community for that".
24 October 2014: A judge of the International Criminal Court ordered the interim release of four suspects related to Bemba case. They were retained for presenting false evidence and corruptly influencing a witness to provide false testimony in the case of The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo. However, Bemba remained in custody, being on trial for allegedly committing war crimes as the military leader of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo.
23 October 2014: The Prosecutors of the ICTY have been granted permission to present new forensic evidence in the war crimes trial against Ratko Mladic. The new piece of evidence relates to a grave discovered a year ago containing the bodies of hundreds of war victims allegedly killed by Bosnian Serb forces and is considered to be relevant to the charges against Mladic.
23 October 2014: Boko Haram, a declared terrorist group in 2013, is allegedly involved in the abduction of more women and girls. This event allegedly took place one day after the Nigerian military announced it had agreed a ceasefire with the Boko Haram group and secured the return of the other 219 abducted girls.
23 October 2014: The UN investigator into human rights abuses in North Korea called on China to support a referral by the UN Security Council of North Korea to the International Criminal Court on suspicion of crimes against humanity.
23 October 2014: Four former Blackwater guards were convicted by the Federal District Court for their role in the 2007 shooting from Baghdad’s Nisour Square that claimed the life of 17 Iraqis. This verdict is considered to be a "resounding affirmation of the commitment of the American people to the rule of law".
22 October 2014: On 16 October, the General Court of the European Union annulled, on procedural grounds, the Council of the European Union's measures maintaining the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) on the European list of terrorist organizations, while temporarily maintaining the effects of these measures to ensure the effectiveness of any possible future freezing of funds. The press release can be found here, and the judgment here.
NEW ON ICD: ICD Brief No. 8 by Mélanie Vianney-Liaud entitled "Controversy on the characterization of the Cambodian genocide at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia".
22 October 2014: Acknowledging that the incidents of torture around the world are not decreasing, the UN Chairperson of the Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture emphasized that addressing corruption should be made a priority in the fight against torture and ill-treatment.
22 October 2014: A UK terrorism suspect was extradited to the US to stand trial for trying to set up a terrorist training camp in Bly, Oregon, 15 years ago. The extradition follows a decision of Britain's High Court that ruled that the suspect could be extradited to the US under the condition that the American authorities assured he would receive treatment for his mental illness.
21 October 2014: Given the fact that the US is to appear next month before the UN Committee that monitors the compliance with the Convention against Torture, controversy arose with regard to the use of torture by American officials outside American borders. While US President Obama has already signed an executive order that aimed to ban the use of torture and cruel treatment in the interrogation of terror suspects, American military and intelligence fear that an official declaration against the use of torture overseas could result in the prosecution of the Bush-era officials who did practice torture.
21 October 2014: UN officials deplored the alarming rise in the use of death penalty in Iraq. This sanction is employed to punish the alleged perpetrators of acts of terrorism, crimes against the “internal security of the State”, crimes affecting the “external security of the State”, kidnapping, rape, drug trafficking where death results, prostitution, and “aggravated” murder. However, the report issued by the UN stated that the use of death penalty may result in miscarriages of justice since innocent people may face execution for crimes they did no commit.
NEW ON ICD: The video of the Supranational Criminal Law lecture given by Darryl Robinson, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of Queen's University (Canada), entitled "Gbagbo, Katanga and Three Theories of Crimes Against Humanity" is now available online.
NEW ON ICD: The video of the Supranational Criminal Law lecture given by Steven Freeland, Professor of International Law at the University of Western Sydney, entitled “Addressing Crimes against the Environment under the Rome Statute” is now available online.
20 October 2014: The second trial against the former Khmer Rouge leaders, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, which for the first time includes charges of genocide, was boycotted by their defense lawyers on the basis of their necessity to appeal the first conviction issued against the former Khmer Rouge leaders. Pursuant to a first conviction, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.