Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
24 October 2014: A judge of the International Criminal Court ordered the interim release of four suspects related to Bemba case. They were retained for presenting false evidence and corruptly influencing a witness to provide false testimony in the case of The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo. However, Bemba remained in custody, being on trial for allegedly committing war crimes as the military leader of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo.
23 October 2014: The Prosecutors of the ICTY have been granted permission to present new forensic evidence in the war crimes trial against Ratko Mladic. The new piece of evidence relates to a grave discovered a year ago containing the bodies of hundreds of war victims allegedly killed by Bosnian Serb forces and is considered to be relevant to the charges against Mladic.
23 October 2014: Boko Haram, a declared terrorist group in 2013, is allegedly involved in the abduction of more women and girls. This event allegedly took place one day after the Nigerian military announced it had agreed a ceasefire with the Boko Haram group and secured the return of the other 219 abducted girls.
23 October 2014: The UN investigator into human rights abuses in North Korea called on China to support a referral by the UN Security Council of North Korea to the International Criminal Court on suspicion of crimes against humanity.
23 October 2014: Four former Blackwater guards were convicted by the Federal District Court for their role in the 2007 shooting from Baghdad’s Nisour Square that claimed the life of 17 Iraqis. This verdict is considered to be a "resounding affirmation of the commitment of the American people to the rule of law".
22 October 2014: On 16 October, the General Court of the European Union annulled, on procedural grounds, the Council of the European Union's measures maintaining the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) on the European list of terrorist organizations, while temporarily maintaining the effects of these measures to ensure the effectiveness of any possible future freezing of funds. The press release can be found here, and the judgment here.
NEW ON ICD: ICD Brief No. 8 by Mélanie Vianney-Liaud entitled "Controversy on the characterization of the Cambodian genocide at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia".
22 October 2014: Acknowledging that the incidents of torture around the world are not decreasing, the UN Chairperson of the Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture emphasized that addressing corruption should be made a priority in the fight against torture and ill-treatment.
22 October 2014: A UK terrorism suspect was extradited to the US to stand trial for trying to set up a terrorist training camp in Bly, Oregon, 15 years ago. The extradition follows a decision of Britain's High Court that ruled that the suspect could be extradited to the US under the condition that the American authorities assured he would receive treatment for his mental illness.
21 October 2014: Given the fact that the US is to appear next month before the UN Committee that monitors the compliance with the Convention against Torture, controversy arose with regard to the use of torture by American officials outside American borders. While US President Obama has already signed an executive order that aimed to ban the use of torture and cruel treatment in the interrogation of terror suspects, American military and intelligence fear that an official declaration against the use of torture overseas could result in the prosecution of the Bush-era officials who did practice torture.
21 October 2014: UN officials deplored the alarming rise in the use of death penalty in Iraq. This sanction is employed to punish the alleged perpetrators of acts of terrorism, crimes against the “internal security of the State”, crimes affecting the “external security of the State”, kidnapping, rape, drug trafficking where death results, prostitution, and “aggravated” murder. However, the report issued by the UN stated that the use of death penalty may result in miscarriages of justice since innocent people may face execution for crimes they did no commit.
NEW ON ICD: The video of the Supranational Criminal Law lecture given by Darryl Robinson, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law of Queen's University (Canada), entitled "Gbagbo, Katanga and Three Theories of Crimes Against Humanity" is now available online.
NEW ON ICD: The video of the Supranational Criminal Law lecture given by Steven Freeland, Professor of International Law at the University of Western Sydney, entitled “Addressing Crimes against the Environment under the Rome Statute” is now available online.
20 October 2014: The second trial against the former Khmer Rouge leaders, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, which for the first time includes charges of genocide, was boycotted by their defense lawyers on the basis of their necessity to appeal the first conviction issued against the former Khmer Rouge leaders. Pursuant to a first conviction, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.
16 October 2014: The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia condemned the latest terrorist attack that took place in the evening of 15 October in the capital of Somalia and resulted in the death and injury of several civilians. The UN Representative declared that such crimes violate the most basic principles of humanity and their perpetrators should be brought to justice.
16 October 2014: Leaders of China and the EU decided to enhance their cooperation in order to counter the common threat of extremism and terrorism in the MENA Region and Sahel.
15 October 2014: The International Commission of Jurists together with other NGOs issued an urgent request for a UN Human Rights Council Special Session to address the grave and widespread human rights violations in Libya. They include, but are not limited to, direct and indiscriminate attacks on civilians, unlawful killings, torture and arbitrary detention.
15 October 2014: Amnesty International released a briefing asserting the Government of Iraq is supporting Iraqi Shiite militia to commit gross human rights violations such as war crimes and abducting and killing civilians in Bagdad and around the country.
14 October 2014: The case of Daniel Snedden, commander of a Serbian paramilitary group in the 1990s, may mark the first war crimes trial in over two decades in Australia. If he will not be extradited to Croatia, he will be prosecuted before Australian Courts for three war crimes offences.
14 October 2014: New Zealand PM announced the decision to undertake a legislation review with regard to foreign terrorist fighters. In addition, the PM acknowledged that in New Zealand the level of terrorism-related threats increased from very low to low.
13 October 2014: The judgment in the 1994 genocide case, tried before a German Court (Rwabukombe case), became available online (German version). Rwabukombe, a former Rwandan mayor, was tried for organizing three Tutsi massacres in the Rwandan genocide and received a 14-year sentence.
10 October 2014: An unprecedented case brought before the International Criminal Court concerns "land grabbing" in Cambodia as a crime against humanity. The case provides evidence that Cambodian ruling elite carried on a campaign of land seizure by means of murder, illegal imprisonment and persecution.
10 October 2014: The UN Commissioner for Human Rights released a report on the situation in Ukraine, asserting that various armed group continue to perpetrate human rights violations in the form of, inter alia, torture, killings, abductions against people located in their area of control.
9 October 2014: The opening of the trial in the case of Bosco Ntaganda was scheduled to begin on 2 June 2015. Bosco Ntaganda will stand before the International Criminal Court on allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Ituri, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
9 October 2014: An Argentinian Court handed down a sentence of 23 years for crimes related to kidnapping and torture, in the name of Reynaldo Bignone, the last military president of Argentina. This sentence adds up to the previous conviction for crimes against humanity that the ex-dictator is currently serving.