Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
30 January 2015: The Appeals Chamber of the ICTY issued today its decision to uphold the convictions of five senior Bosnian Serb officials for Srebrenica and Žepa crimes. They had appealed against their convictions in 2010 for a range of crimes including genocide but the Appeals Chamber dismissed, unanimously or by majority, most of the Appellants’ challenges.
30 January 2015: The newly elected government in Sri Lanka announced that it is planning to launch a new war crimes investigation into alleged human rights abuses during the closing stages of the 26-year civil war, after the former president, Mahinda Rajapaksa, refused to cooperate with UN investigators about claims of atrocities committed by the army in 2009. A UN report in 2010 estimated tens of thousands of Sri Lankans and ethnic Tamils were killed during the final weeks of the war by the Sri Lankan army and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Hafsat Abiola et al. (Plaintiffs) v. Abdulsalami Abubakar (Defendant) is now available online. Hafsat Abiola filed a complaint claiming that as Chief of Defence Staff under Sani Abacha’s military rule and as President of Nigeria, General Abubakar was responsible for killing her parents. In 2001, General Abubakar was served with summons when he visited the United States and in 2007 the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, imposed a sanction on the defendant for his failure to appear for deposition. Finally, the case was settled in 2008 for $650,000.
29 January 2015: Amnesty International released on Wednesday a report calling on the UN Security Council to impose sanctions and encourage accountability through ICC in order to end the cycle of human rights violations and war crimes in Libya.
28 January 2015: On 27 January, the Court of Appeal in The Hague issued a judgment, sentencing 23-year old Omar H. from Amsterdam to 18 months unconditional imprisonment for, among other things, participation in training for terrorism (pursuant to the new terrorism provision Article 134a of the Dutch Criminal Code). The District Court in first instance had acquitted him on this point back in October 2013, see here for an ICCT analysis. It is the first decision in which a Dutch court has issued a judgment on the participation in and assistance to terrorism. It is also the first time that a suspect is convicted in appeal for plans to travel to Syria to participate in the jihad. The press release can be found here (so far only in Dutch) and the judgment can be found here (so far also only in Dutch).
NEW ON ICD: The case of A. v. The Minister of Defence is now available online. It tackles the situation of a former Dutch soldier, who claimed post-traumatic stress disorder as a consequence of his experience following the mission in Srebenica, when he was a member to the battalion of Dutch soldiers charged with the protection of civilians in the Muslim enclave of Srebrenica in 1995. On 29 June 2000, he requested compensation from the Dutch Minister of Defence for the physical and mental damage incurred as a result of the Minister’s failure to provide sufficient aftercare but on March 2003, the Minister rejected his claim. After the case was assessed by the District Court of The Hague, the Ministry of Defence eventually announced in August 2013 that an agreement had been reached between the applicant and the Ministry of Defence but no information about the amount of the compensation has been made public.
28 January 2015: Jeffrey Feltman, an UN political affairs chief, said during an emergency meeting of the 15-nation Security Council on Ukraine that the deadly rocket attacks on the government-held port city of Mariupol, in eastern Ukraine, on Saturday, could amount to war crimes because they intentionally targeted civilians. The crater analysis by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) indicated the shelling came from rebel-controlled territory.
28 January 2015: The case of Dogu Perinçek, the chairman of the Turkish Workers’ Party, who declared in Switzerland that the Armenian genocide is an “international lie” is to be reconsidered by the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) on Wednesday. He was previously found guilty of racial discrimination by a Swiss Court but then the ECtHR established that the Swiss decision against Perincek violated his freedom of expression.
28 January 2015: The defense lawyer of the Guantanamo prisoner Abd al Hadi al Iraqi sought to have the charges against his client dropped, arguing that the US is violating international law and the Constitution by prosecuting him for war crimes. The lawyer based his arguments on the fact that the conspiracy charges to commit murder were relying on US law rather than the international law of war that could protect combatants from criminal liability. Hadi al Iraqi is accused of being an al Qaeda commander who led attacks against the US and coalition troops in Afghanistan from 2002 to 2004 and the trial is taking place at the Guantanamo Bay military prison.
27 January 2015: The UN Security Council condemned the deadly terrorist attack against the Corinthia Hotel in Tripoli, Libya, which left at least three people dead and half a dozen or more injured. The members of the UN Security Council underlined the need to bring the perpetrators, financiers and sponsors of such “reprehensible” acts to justice.
27 January 2015: Edin Sakoc, a man charged with lying about his role in Bosnian war crimes when he applied for U.S. citizenship, after moving to Vermont, more than 10 years ago, was convicted on Friday. In the case the conviction is upheld on appeal, he would be stripped of his U.S. citizenship, deported and face up to 10 years in prison.
26 January 2015: Following a 14-month investigation, an EU prosecutor in Kosovo filed last Friday an indictment with the Basic Court of Pristina against five defendants charged with various terrorism-related offences, including – organization and direction of a terrorist group; participation in a terrorist group; the preparation of terrorist offences; unlawful production of explosive materials; unlawful possession of weapons and explosives, inciting religious hatred and aggravated assault in the territory of Kosovo, as well as the commission of terrorism within the territory of Syria.
26 January 2015: Dominic Ongwen, a former Lord's Resistance Army commander made his first appearance before single judge of Pre-Trial Chamber II of the ICC, Judge Ekaterina Trendafilova. He faces three counts of crimes against humanity: murder, enslavement and inhumane acts of inflicting serious bodily injury and suffering; and four counts of war crimes: murder, cruel treatment of civilians, intentionally directing an attack against a civilian population and pillaging.
23 January 2015: North Korea called on the U.N. Human Rights Council to investigate allegations of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) torture in the George W. Bush era, that were revealed by a recent Senate report. This move creates further tension in the relation with Washington, following U.S. accusations that Pyongyang was behind a cyber attack on Sony Pictures.
NEW ON ICD: The case of A. and B. v. State of Israel is now available online. It concerns the case of two applicants, A. and B., who were detained in 2002 and 2003, respectively, due to their purported association with Hezbollah and then brought a claim before the Israeli District Court stating that their detention was unlawful and infringed principles of international humanitarian law. The case eventually arrived at the Israeli Supreme Court which ruled that their detention was lawful because there was a chance that they would reconnect with Hezbollah and they could therefore pose a risk to Israel’s national security.
22 January 2015: Prior to the public session of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) scheduled to take place on the 3rd of February regarding the genocide lawsuit brought by Croatia against Serbia, Serbia's legal team affirmed that it expects that the ICJ will reject the claim and "determine that the Croatian army committed major crimes against Serbs during and after military Operation Storm".
22 January 2015: The United Nations investigators warned that war crimes are being committed in the Central African Republic by both parties to the ongoing conflict in the country and called for the establishment of a ‘truly international’ tribunal with international judges who could objectively investigate and prosecute perpetrators of such crimes.
22 January 2015: Following the recent surrender and transfer of top LRA Commander Dominic Ongwen to the ICC, the ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda urged all States to renew efforts to arrest militia leader and accused war criminal Joseph Kony as well as other ICC fugitives.
21 January 2015: On Monday, a Guatemalan court found Pedro Garcia Arredondo, an ex-Police Chief, guilty of murder, attempted murder, and crimes against humanity for the massacre of 37 people at the Spanish embassy in Guatemala which took place 35 years ago. The court sentenced Arredondo to 90 years' imprisonment, though he proclaimed his innocence throughout the trial.
21 January 2015: Human Rights Watch criticized the Chinese government for its new proposed legislation on counterterrorism as it does not live up to international law and human rights standards.
21 January 2015: Germany's Human Rights Commissioner, Christoph Strasser, urged Israel to cooperate with the ICC in relation to possible war crimes allegedly committed in Palestinian territories. Following last week's announcement by the ICC prosecutor regarding the investigation, Israel's government said that it would not work with the ICC and called for its funding to be cut. Christoph Strasser reacted by saying that Israel's reaction was counter-productive and warned Israel against the proposal to suspend funding for the court.
20 January 2015: Pakistan has reportedly banned the feared Haqqani Network, a militant outfit allied to the Afghan Taliban, but officials say that the decision will be made public at “an appropriate time”. This move is allegedly part of the National Action Plan launched to intensify counter-terrorism efforts since the deadly militant raid against a school in Peshawar that killed 150 people, mostly children.
20 January 2015: The UN Security Council condemned the recent escalation in attacks conducted by Boko Haram, warning they may amount to crimes against humanity. Cristián Barros Melet, Chile’s Permanent Representative to the UN and President of the Council for the month of January, emphasized that the UN Security Council demands that "Boko Haram immediately and unequivocally cease all hostilities and all abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law and disarm and demobilize”.
19 January 2015: A former Jatiya Party minister, Syed Mohammad Qaisar, decided to challenge before the Supreme Court the death penalty awarded to him by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh for commiting crimes against humanity during the country’s Liberation War in 1971. The Supreme Court will later fix a date for hearing the appeal.
19 January 2015: A Norwegian Appeals Court upheld on Friday the maximum sentence for Sadi Bugingo, a Rwandan found complicit in the death of 2.000 people during the Rwandan genocide from 1994. Mr. Bugingo was already found guilty of "complicity in premeditated murder" in mid-December and received a sentence of 21 years' imprisonment.
16 January 2015: The Prosecutor of the ICC, Fatou Bensouda, announced to open a preliminary examination of the situation in Palestine following Palestine's accession to the Rome Statute on 2 January 2015 and its declaration of 1 January 2015, lodged under article 12(3) of the Rome Statute accepting the jurisdiction of the ICC over alleged crimes committed "in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, since June 13, 2014".
16 January 2015: Alieu Kosiah, an Ex-Liberian rebel commander accused of participating in civilian massacres during the country's first civil war in the 1990s, has been arrested in Switzerland for alleged war crimes, according to the suspect's brother statements.
16 January 2015: Amnesty International released satellite images of the latest attack perpetrated by Boko Haram, showing how more that 3.700 building have been destroyed in the Nigerian towns of Baga and Doron. The attack was also deplored by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights who emphasized that deliberate attacks against civilians are prohibited under international law.
16 January 2015: An Argentinian federal prosecutor accused Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, the Argentinian President, of being involved in covering up Iran's involvement in a 1994 terrorist attack which resulted in 85 deaths. The prosecutor requested that judge Ariel Lijo interrogate the president and the foreign minister for "being authors and accomplices of an aggravated cover-up and obstruction of justice regarding the Iranians accused of the Amia terrorist attack".
15 January 2015: Police in France arrested 54 suspects for verbally supporting or threatening terrorist acts in the wake of the terrorist attacks at the offices of Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket from Paris. The French Justice Ministry called on prosecutors to crack down on hate speech, anti-Semitism and support of terrorism under the country's strong laws against anti-Semitism and racism.
15 January 2015: After having failed to attend a hearing in his genocide retrial, a judge in Guatemala ordered officials to verify the state of health of the former military ruler, Efrain Rios Montt. Last week, the 88-year-old appeared in court on a stretcher.
15 January 2015: A judge in the US dismissed a lawsuit brought against the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, concerning allegations of crimes against humanity which occurred during the 2002 Gujarat riots. The judge upheld the US government's contention that Narendra Modi was entitled to immunity as a sitting head of government.
14 January 2015: The trial Chamber of the ICTY denied a request by the prosecution to revoke the provisional release of Vojislav Seselj, the Serb nationalist who was let out of prison in November, on humanitarian grounds, and has since re-entered politics in his home country.
14 January 2015: The ICC may consider a report compiled by the Moscow Red Cross regarding alleged war crimes committed by Kiev officials in eastern Ukraine. The report is allegedly "putting a question regarding the murder, massacre, enslavement, bombing of settlements, pressure by starvation, committed by Ukrainian officials towards civilians" .