Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
1 October 2014: Radovan Karadzic, the former Bosnian Serb leader accused before the ICTY of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity that took place during the Bosnian war, submitted today his final statements before the UN tribunal. Pursuant to his written brief, he acknowledged he bears moral responsibility for the crimes committed by the citizens and forces of the Republic of Srpska but challenged the ICTY prosecutors asserting that there is no "shred of evidence" linking him to the atrocities. The final verdict of the ICTY will be rendered in mid-2015.
30 September 2014: The Russian Investigative Committee, the main federal investigating authority in Russia, decided to launch a criminal investigation into what it calls "the genocide of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine's southeast". The Ukrainian Prosecutor General's Office, in its turn, opened a criminal inquiry against officials of the Russian Investigative Committee, accusing them of supporting separatist and "terrorist" groups in eastern Ukraine.
30 September 2014: The defense teams for ex-Khmer Rouge leaders Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan filed appeals against the life sentences handed down to them in August. The two former top leaders are the first ones held accountable for crimes committed during the period the Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia (1975-1979), a period during which nearly 2 million people died from starvation, overwork, torture or execution.
29 September 2014: The Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) upheld the convictions of Edouard Karemera and Matthieu Ngirumpatse, two senior members of Rwanda's former ruling party, for their roles in the 1994 Rwandan genocide and affirmed their sentences of life imprisonment. Trial Chamber III of the ICTR found Karemera and Ngirumpatse guilty of genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, extermination and rape as crimes against humanity, and the war crime of killing.
29 September 2014: Based on the latest report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission (FFM), the OPCW's Executive Council concluded that "chlorine was used as a weapon systematically and repeatedly" against villages in northern Syria. The finding does not attribute the attacks to any of the parties to the conflict in Syria. The brief of the FFM reports the use of chlorine gas as a weapon. The OPCW Director-General calls it a "tragic irony that a hundred years after chlorine was first used on the battlefield, its misues to kill and terrorise unarmed cvilians has again raised its ugly head". The use of chlorine gas as a weapon in WWI eventually led to the drafting of the 1925 Geneva Protocol which prohibits the "employment of poisonous (...) gases". This definition can also be found in Article 8, para. 2(b)(xviii) of the Rome Statute under the definition of war crimes.
29 September 2014: The confirmation of charges hearing in the case against Charles Blé Goudé, a close ally of former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo, is commencing before Pre-Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Blé Goudé has been charged with four counts of crimes against humanity - including murder, rape, persecution and other inhumane acts - allegedly committed during the clashes that followed Ivory Coast's presidential election in 2010.
26 September 2014: Prosecutors of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) are seeking life imprisonment for Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić for alleged crimes - genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes - committed during the 1992-1995 Bosnian war.
26 September 2014: Human Rights Watch released a report stating that political prisoners - activists, journalists and government critics - in Uzbekistan are subjected to unspeakable abuses including torture and ill-treatment. The report presents new findings about the treatment of 34 of Uzbekistan’s most prominent people imprisoned on politically motivated charges. For the report, see here.
25 September 2014: The Arms Trade Treaty regulating international transfers of conventional weapons will enter into force in three months now more than 50 states have ratified it. The Arms Trade Treaty, adopted by the UN General Assembly in April 2013, is the first worldwide response to the human suffering caused by the widespread availability and misuse of a range of conventional weapons. If there is a substantial risk that arms exported to another country will be used for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, or other gross human rights violations, their transfer must be stopped.
25 September 2014: Swedish police arrested two men of Rwandan origin for alleged involvement in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Other Rwandans have already been convicted in Canada, Finland, Norway and the Netherlands for their involvement in the 1994 genocide.
25 September 2014: On Monday 29 September the confirmation of charges hearing in the case of Charles Blé Goudé will start to determine whether to confirm charges against him. Charles Blé Goudé is a close ally of former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo and has been charged with committing crimes against humanity during clashes that followed the 2010 elections.
24 September 2014: The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) decided to open a second investigation into crimes allegedly committed during the ongoing conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR) since 2012. The Court issued a report today stating that both sides in the conflict appear to have committed crimes against humanity and war crimes. In June of this year, the President of the CAR already requested the ICC to investigate crimes committed within ICC jurisdiction since August 2012. For the issued report, see here.
24 September 2014: Human Rights Watch (HRW) said that the killings of civilians during the recent upsurge of fighting in the eastern city of Benghazi (Libya) may amount to crimes against humanity. HRW wants an international commission of inquiry to investigate serious violations of the laws of war and international human rights law by all sides in Libya.
23 September 2014: A third prosecution witness told the International Criminal Court that he has was directed to give a false statement against Deputy President William Ruto and former journalist Joshua Sang prior to their trials in exchange for money and relocation to a foreign country. Ruto and Sang are on trial for their alleged roles during the violence that took place in Kenya after the December 2007 presidential elections, and both face three counts of crimes against humanity.
23 September 2014: Amnesty International said in a new report issued today that many Chinese companies are involved in the production and trade of torture devices - including electric shock stun batons and weighted leg cuffs - and thereby fueling human rights abuses worldwide. Amnesty urges the Chinese authorities to immediately take action as there are no justifications for allowing the manufacturing and trade in equipment for which the primary purpose is to torture or inflict cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment on people. For the report, see here.
23 September 2014: Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report documenting sexual violence committed by government forces and Maoist combatants during Nepal's civil war (1996-2006). HRW urges the government of Nepal to take immediate measures to encourage women to report sexual violence crimes committed during the war, and to develop mechanisms to investigate allegations of sexual abuse as many of those crimes remain unreported. For the report, see here.
22 September 2014: The UN Human Rights Council (HRC) discussed the use of armed drones in counter-terrorism and military operations to ensure that their use is in accordance with international law - including international humanitarian and human rights law - as unlawful killings may amount to war crimes. Several human rights and civil rights organisations already issued a joint letter to the HRC last week urging it to support states in, inter alia, ensuring that lethal targeting operations comply with international law and in ensuring transparency on the use of armed drones.
NEW ON ICD: ICD Brief No. 6 by Luke Moffett on "Realising Justice for Victims Before the International Criminal Court".
21 September 2014: The Islamic State reportedly beheaded people in northern Syria last week when it seized dozens of villages close to the Turkish border by using heavy arms and thousands of fighters.
20 September 2014: Belgian authorities reportedly prevented several terrorist attacks in recent months by jihadist fighters returning home from Syria. According to Dutch public broadcaster NOS, a man and woman who had returned from Syria were arrested in August on suspicion of plotting an assault on the European Commission's headquarters in Brussels.
19 September 2014: The International Criminal Court ordered Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, who faces five counts of crimes against humanity, to appear before the tribunal on 8 October over claims that his government obstructed prosecutors preparing his trial.
18 September 2014: Belgian police arrested Martina Johnson, a high-ranking member of the rebel movement that plunged Liberia into conflict more than two decades ago, and charged her with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Johnson has been described as a leader of Operation Octopus, a battle for Liberia's capital city in 1992 that killed several thousand people.
18 September 2014: Amnesty International released a report stating that the military and police in Nigeria use a wide range of torture methods - including beatings, shootings, rape and other sexual violence - to extort money or to extract confessions as a way to solve cases. According to Amnesty, the use of torture is particularly extreme in north-east Nigeria in the war against Boko Haram militants. For the report detailing cases of torture and ill-treatment, see here.
Radovan Karadzic, the former Bosnian Serb leader, accused before the ICTY of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity that occurred during the Bosnian war, submitted today his final statements before the UN tribunal. Pursuant to his written brief that he states that he bears moral responsibility for the crimes committed by citizens and forces of Republic of Srpska but also that the ICTY prosecutors have no "shred of evidence" linking him to the atrocities. The final verdict of the case will be rendered in mid-2015.
2014: 1 October
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