Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
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Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
21 November 2014: The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights released a report documenting continued commission of human rights violations in eastern Ukraine despite the entry into force of a ceasefire on 5 September. The report details human rights offences which include torture, arbitrary and incommunicado detention, summary executions, forced labor and sexual violence, as well as the destruction and illegal seizure of property. In addition, it was reported that these violations are of a systematic nature and may amount to crimes against humanity.
21 November 2014: A group of UN experts warned against the potential "imminent" release of a war criminal already convicted for committing genocide in Srebenica and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. The experts raised the issue after the Bosnian Constitutional Court quashed the verdict and ordered a retrial.
20 November 2014: The High Court of London ruled that the claim of a Pakistani national, allegedly subjected to torture and unlawful detention for 10 years by UK and US forces in Afghanistan, can proceed in the British Courts.
20 November 2014: The Protocol on investigating and documenting sexual violence in wartime, released in June during the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict, was welcomed in Sarajevo. It contains guidelines and best practices for the recognition and documentation of cases involving sexual violence.
20 November 2014: The trial of three former Bosnian Police officers, suspect of allegedly committing war crimes against Serbian civilians in the area of Srebrenica from the beginning of June until the end of August 1992, started in the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the indictment, the prisoners were subjected to torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment, while one of the police officers, in charge with overseeing the detention facilities, condoned such behavior.
19 November 2014: The Appeals Chamber of the ICC issued an order scheduling the delivery of its first final appeal judgment on 1 December in the case against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. Lubanga was previously convicted for war crimes by the Trial Chamber I.
19 November 2014: Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, urged Iraq to accept the jurisdiction of the ICC in order to put an end to impunity and address grave human rights violations perpetrated by the Islamic State group and other parties in that country. Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein said that "out of the 11 offenses the ICC defines as crimes against humanity, the group is likely guilty of involvement in as many as nine of them".
19 November 2014: A US lawyer representing Abd al Hadi al-Iraqi, a Guantanamo Bay detainee described as an al Qaeda commander, argued that his client may be classified as a "lawful combatant" according to Article 5 of the Third Geneva Conventions of 1949 and thus receive immunity from prosecution for war crimes.
18 November 2014: A UNGA Committee will today vote on a landmark resolution, concerning the human rights situation in North Korea, which aims to advance justice for crimes against humanity. However, the vote has only the character of a recommendation as the UNSC is the only body able to refer the regime or its young leader Kim Jong Un to the ICC.
18 November 2014: The trial of Laurent Gbagbo, former Ivorian President, will commence before the International Criminal Court on 7 July 2015. Laurent Gbagbo will stand before the Court for crimes against humanity (murder, rape, other inhumane acts or – in the alternative – attempted murder, and persecution) allegedly committed in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
18 November 2014: Erol Incedal, a law student in the UK, was found guilty of terrorism-related offence after a partially-secret trial. While his co-defendant pleaded guilty before the trial started, Incedal denied any terrorist affiliation saying he had reasonable excuse for the bomb-making document found in his possession.
17 November 2014: Bosnian police arrested on Monday 12 Bosnian Serbs suspected for crimes against humanity allegedly committed during an attack on Zecovi, a village where during the 1992-1995 war over 150 Muslim Bosnians were killed, among them 29 women and children.
17 November 2014: A judge of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) warned the defence team of Khieu Samphan to end the boycott against the Court at the expense of assigning a new defence lawyer. Khieu Samphan stands before the ECCC for genocide charges, after he already received the life sentence for crimes against humanity.
17 November 2014: The case of De Haagse Stadspartij et al. v. The Netherlands is now available online. The case concerns a claim brought by a group of Dutch individuals and organisations against the Netherlands asking for the arrest of George W. Bush. The case was dismissed by the District Court acknowledging it cannot hear cases presenting political questions. In addition, the Court held that it could not prosecute George W. Bush because he enjoyed immunity as head of state.
14 November 2014: A team of independent UN investigators asserted that the commanders of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) are responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity on a "massive scale" in areas under their control, from northeast Syria, where they spread terror by beheading, stoning and shooting civilians and captured fighters.
14 November 2014: The Spanish National Court endorsed the investigation on incidents of systematic torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of detainees allegedly taking place in Guantánamo Bay after 2001. The Spanish judges rejected the appeal of the district attorney's office according to which judge Pablo Ruz had to withdraw the indictment after the amendment passed in Spain related to the implementation of the so-called universal justice.
14 November 2014: The American Justice Center (AJC) announced the filling of a criminal complaint against the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Mod for his alleged role in aiding, abetting and inciting organized attacks against the minorities of Gujarat before and during the genocide of 2002. The complaint has been lodged under Australia’s “The Criminal Code Act 1995” which provides Australian courts jurisdiction over cases involving crimes against humanity worldwide.
13 November 2014: The ICC rejected today the Defence challenge to the admissibility of the case against Charles Ble Goude for insufficient gravity. He is allegedly responsible as indirect co-perpetrator for four counts of crimes against humanity.
13 November 2014: The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) together with other human rights organizations filled a complaint before the Bamako Commune III Court of First Instance of Mali on behalf of 80 victims of rape and sexual violence. The complaint contains allegations of crimes against humanity and war crimes committed during the period that armed groups occupied northern Mali in 2012 and 2013.
13 November 2014: A tribunal in Bangladesh sentenced Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) leader MA Zahid Hossain Khokon to death on six charges of crimes against humanity committed in Faridpur during the Liberation War in 1971.
12 November 2014: During the first day of closing arguments in the Bemba case, the prosecution lawyer, Jean-Jacques Badibanga, asserted that it has been proven that the soldiers who committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Central Africa Republic (CAR), between October 2002 and March 2003, were under Jean-Pierre Bemba's authority and effective control.
12 November 2014: The Intermediate Court of Mauritius acquitted twelve Somali piracy suspects who attempted to attack a Panama-flagged commercial vessel, MSC Jasmine, in early January 2013.
12 November 2014: The ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, addressed the UNSC on Tuesday saying that there are indications that war crimes that fall within the jurisdiction of the ICC are being committed in Libya. However, despite the growing concern with regard to these crimes, Fatou Bensouda asserted that the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) had to scale down the investigations in Libya due to lack of resources.
11 November 2014: Secret, internationally approved war crimes indictments against tens of thousands of Nazis, have been handed over to researchers of Soas, University of London, and will become available to the public. The indictments cover, inter alia, the crimes of aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity, modes of liability and international procedures, as well as the development of international criminal justice as a whole.
11 November 2014: 26 former state security agents of the Hissène Habré dictatorship are to stand trial in Chad, on November 14, for allegations of murder, torture, kidnapping, arbitrary detention, and assault and battery. The trial of alleged Habré accomplices comes after the Extraordinary African Chambers in Dakar, Senegal, indicted Habré for crimes against humanity, war crimes and torture.
11 November 2014: Amnesty International released a report acknowledging that the authorities in the Philippines are failing to tackle torture, despite the enactment of the Anti-Torture Act in 2009. The Anti-Torture Act recognized torture as a separate crime and provided a number of important guarantees to aid torture survivors seeking redress. However, to date, there is still no conviction under this law even if evidence points out torture is still prevalent in the Philippines.
10 November 2014: The case of Mushikiwabo et al. v. Barayagwiza is now available online. Jean Bosco Barayagwiza was the leader of the Coalition pour la Défense de la République (CDR) militia which participated in the 1994 torture and genocide against thousands of Rwanda's Tutsi minority, as well as moderate members of the Hutu majority. This case concerns a lawsuit for damages filed against Barayagwiza by individuals related to persons who died in the massacres.
10 November 2014: A Congolese military court handed down a 10-year sentence for the Congolese General Jérôme Kakwaku, finding him guilty of committing war crimes. The head of the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) stated that this decision is a step towards reinforcing the rule of law in this country.
10 November 2014: The International Commission of Jurists issued the 87th Edition of the E-bulletin on counter-terrorism & human rights. The E-bulletin is focusing on proposed and actual changes in counter-terrorism laws, policies and practices and their impact on human rights at the national, regional and international levels.
10 November 2014: The Government of Gambia hampered a UN investigation carried on in order to assess the practice of the right to life laws of Gambia and to identify examples of torture and cruel or unusual punishment by authorities. While the investigation was suspended, the UN team released a report on the preliminary findings of the visit, stressing their hope to bring justice to any human rights violations by the Gambian government.
7 November 2014: The ICTY ordered the release of Vojislav Seselj, a former Serbian politician, on the basis of “compelling humanitarian reasons". Vojislav Seselj stands before the ICTY accused of inciting followers to commit murder, ethnic cleansing and other war crimes in multi-ethnic Bosnia and Croatia between 1991 and 1994.
7 November 2014: The case of Jane Doe I et al. v. Radovan Karadžić is now available online. It concerns the complaint filled against Radovan Karadžić by victims and survivors of the crimes committed in Bosnia during the Bosnian War in 1992-1995.
6 November 2014: The US Department of Defense announced the transfer of Fouzi Khalid Abdullah Al Awda from the detention facilities at Guantanamo Bay to Kuwait. After having served 13 years of imprisonment without trial, the Periodic Review Board decided that "continued law of war detention of Al Awda does not remain necessary to protect against a continuing significant threat to the security of the United States".
6 November 2014: A research conducted for over three years by members of the International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School stated that there is sufficient evidence to prosecute high-ranking officers in Myanmar's military for crimes against humanity and war crimes committed against an ethnic minority. The researchers called for the setting up of a UN Commission of Inquiry to investigate alleged human rights violations by the Tatmadaw in Kayin State from late 2005 until 2008.
6 November 2014: The ICC is expected to officially declare that Israel may be guilty of committing war crimes in the 2010 attack against a Turkish aid ship bound for Gaza. However, the ICC decided that the crimes in question were not of sufficient gravity to fall under the court's jurisdiction and thus, they will be judged by national courts.
4 November 2014: Radislav Krstic, a former general Serb convicted for genocide at the ICTY, launched a £120,000 lawsuit against the British government for failing to protect him against the razor attack carried out by three Muslim inmates at Wakefield Prison.
4 November 2014: The case of Estate of Himoud Saed Abtan et al. v. Prince et al. is now available online. The International Crimes Database presents the legal facts and related developments of the complaint brought against the private security contractor Blackwater and its founder Erik Prince by 22 injured Iraqi nationals and the families of eight individuals who died in the Nisoor Square shooting in Bagdad on 16 September 2007.
4 November 2014: Mass rape of more than 200 women, allegedly perpetrated by Sudanese soldiers, occurred last Friday in North Darfur. It has been reported that of 200 women, 80 were minors, including basic school children. The community where the incident occurred called on the UN and ICC to save the village and bring the perpetrators to justice.
3 November 2014: Mir Quasem Ali, a key figure in Bangladesh's largest Islamist party, was sentenced to death on Sunday for having committed war crimes. The Court from Bangladesh found Mir Quasem Ali guilty of 10 charges including murder and abduction during Bangladesh’s 1971 war of independence against Pakistan.
3 November 2014: The United States pledged its commitment to work with the UNSC to refer North Korea to the ICC for crimes against humanity.
3 November 2014: An Argentinian Court issued a judgment calling on Interpol to issue arrest warrants for 20 Spanish ex-officials, suspected of having committed crimes against humanity during dictator Francisco Franco’s 1939-1975 regime and the 1975-1977 transition to democracy. The ruling handed down by the Court invoked the principle of universal jurisdiction, which holds that courts in any country may act in instances of offenses considered to amount to crimes against humanity.
31 October 2014: The UN Human Rights Committee called on Israel to investigate alleged war crimes committed by its forces during the recent attacks in Gaza. This Israeli attack in the Gaza strip is the third one in seven years and it claimed the death of more than 2.100 people, most of them being civilians.