Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
16 December 2014: Addressing the ICC, the Palestinian Ambassador to the UN Riyad Mansour said on Monday that there is consensus that Palestine joins the Court with the hopes of seeking justice for Israel's alleged war crimes. He also added that the Palestinians view the ICC as the "international legal and peaceful mechanism to combat impunity and seek accountability and justice".
16 December 2014: A military court in the Democratic Republic of Congo convicted Lieutenant Colonel Bedi Mobuli Engangela on several counts of crimes against humanity. He received life sentence for murder, 20-year sentence for rape, two 15-year terms for "sexual slavery and "other inhuman actions", such as torture and abduction, and 10 years for "imprisonment and other forms of grave deprivation of physical liberty".
16 December 2014: The Northern Coalition for Democracy and Justice of Nigeria urged the ICC to investigate the Nigerian Presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari for post-election violence in 2011. The Nigerian human rights group complaint refers to violence during which more than 800 people were killed, included acts of murder, torture and rape systematically directed at perceived non-supporters of Buhari.
15 December 2014: A 35-year old woman has been sentenced for five years and three months after she pleaded guilty before the Kingston Crown Court of disseminating terrorist publications on a social media network between July and September 2013. Runa Khan has been jailed for revealing her views on Facebook, encouraging Muslim women to urge male relatives to fight and posting a picture of a suicide vest.
15 December 2014: An ex-military officer in Argentina who is currently on trial for crimes against humanity revealed the locations of graves of people who disappeared under the 1976-1983 military regime. This "unprecedented disclosure" marks the first time a former officer is breaking the "code of silence over war".
15 December 2014: The ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda announced on Friday the UNSC that she is, for now, dropping all the investigations in the Darfur region as no one has been brought to justice in a decade and the council has done little or nothing to help the investigation.
15 December 2014: 10 employees and 30 customers are currently being held hostage by a gunman in a café in Sydney and a black Islamic flag has been displayed at the window. While the Prime Minister of Australia, Tony Abbott, said it was "profoundly shocking" that people were being "held hostage by an armed person claiming political motivation", senior police officers claimed that they are dealing with an incident "consistent with a terrorist event".
12 December 2014: The Pre-Trial Chamber I of the ICC issued a "finding of non-compliance" by the Government of Libya with respect to the failure to surrender Saif Al‑Islam Gaddafi to the Court and decided to refer the matter to the Security Council of the United Nations.
12 December 2014: The International Crimes Tribunal -2 from Bangladesh indicted Mahidur Rahman and Afsar Hossain on three charges of war crimes for their alleged involvement in mass killing, arson, looting, abduction and torture committed in Chapainawabganj during the Liberation War in 1971.
12 December 2014: The EU’s Special Investigative Task Force (SITF) appointed the American David Schwendiman as the new Lead Prosecutor to investigate alleged war crimes in Kosovo. The SITF aims to start trials in a new international court that will be set up The Hague in early 2015.
12 December 2014: Amnesty International reported on Thursday that the "failure of the Central African Republic authorities and the United Nations to effectively investigate war crimes is perpetuating the cycle of violence and fear in the country".
11 December 2014: The ICC Pre-trial Chamber I has today confirmed four charges of crimes against humanity against the Ivorian Charles Blé Goudé and committed him to trial before a Trial Chamber.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Ali Saadallah Belhas et al. v. Moshe Ya'alon is now available online. It concerns the complaint filed before the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia on behalf of people injured or killed during the bombing of the UN compound (an area protected by the UN) in Qana on 18 April 1996. The plaintiffs claimed that General Moshe Ya’alon, the head of the IDF Army Intelligence who launched the bombing, should be held responsible for the decision to bomb the UN compound but the District Court dismissed the case because it lacked jurisdiction to prosecute Ya’alon.
11 December 2014: Following the release of the torture report by the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, legal experts said that the US has an obligation under international law to investigate its citizens suspected of engaging in torture. The experts also identified that the ICC could prosecute Americans who ordered or carried out torture, on the basis that the court can prosecute the most serious crimes in countries that have signed the Rome Statute, like Afghanistan, where torture has allegedly taken place.
11 December 2014: Brazil's National Truth Commission released a report that concentrated the efforts of two years of investigation into human rights abuses taking place in Brazil from 1946 to 1988, with the main focus on the military era from 1964 to 1985.The report revealed illegal arrests, torture, executions and forced disappearances performed systematically by state agents under Brazil's military rule.
10 December 2014: Professor Piotr Hofmański won the elections to be an ICC judge for the 2015-2024 term and thus, he became the first Polish judge in the history of the Court. He is a judge of the Polish Supreme Court’s Criminal Chamber, lecturer at the Jagiellonian University and expert of the Council of Europe.
10 December 2014: Chung Chang-ho, a South Korean pre-trial judge in the ECCC, has been elected as a judge of the ICC during the 13th session of the ASP from New York. Chung was the only one who won enough votes (73 votes out of 104) to be elected as an ICC judge in a preliminary vote.
10 December 2014: The US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence released on Tuesday a summary report documenting the crimes of torture and enforced disappearances of terrorist suspects by the "Bush-era CIA". Drawing on millions of internal CIA documents, the report concluded that the CIA deliberately misled Congress and the White House about information obtained by means of "enhanced interrogations techniques", which were more "brutal" and "ineffective" than the public was led to believe.
9 December 2014: A German Court decided, due to lack of evidence, to drop the charges against a 89-year old former soldier, who allegedly perpetrated the Nazis' worst atrocity on French soil. The man was charged in January with the murder of 25 people committed by a group, and with aiding and abetting the murder of several hundred people.
9 December 2014: Palestine was officially granted observer status by the ICC to participate at the 13th session of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC, taking place this week in New York. This is a very important step, given the fact that the Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is planning to press war crimes charges against Israel.
9 December 2014: Against a background of 15 million children affected by violent conflicts in the Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan, the State of Palestine, Syria and Ukraine, UNICEF declared 2014 "a devastating year for children". As the Executive Director of UNICEF acknowledged, "children have been killed while studying in the classroom and while sleeping in their beds; they have been orphaned, kidnapped, tortured, recruited, raped and even sold as slaves. Never in recent memory have so many children been subjected to such unspeakable brutality.”
9 December 2014: The US Department of Defense announced the transfer of six Guantanamo Bay detainees to Uruguay. These men comprise four Syrians, a Tunisian and a Palestinian, respectively, and they will be granted refugee status by the Uruguayan government.
8 December 2014: The Prime Minister of Kosovo told the UN Security Council that Pristina was now ready to set up a new special court "to reveal the truth about the suspicions of war crimes allegedly committed by top Kosovo Liberation Army officials". The new court was supposed to be set up in January 2015, in the Netherlands, but the process was delayed due to political turmoil caused by national elections in Kosovo.
8 December 2014: Police in Serbia and Bosnia arrested 15 individuals suspect of perpetrating the massacre of 19 unarmed men during the Balkan conflict. The investigation also revealed that Milan Lukic, currently serving a life sentence handed down by the ICTY for separate war crimes against Muslims in Bosnia, was the mastermind behind the massacre.
5 December 2014: The High Court of Guatemala announced that the genocide and crimes against humanity trial against José Efraín Ríos Montt will resume on 5 January 2015. The case had a particularly strong global reaction as Ríos Montt became the first former head of state to be found guilty of genocide by his own country’s justice system.
5 December 2014: Against the deadline imposed by the Trial Chamber V(B) of the ICC, the Prosecutors announced that they decided to drop the charges against the Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta as "Mr Kenyatta's alleged criminal responsibility for crimes against humanity cannot be proven beyond reasonable doubt".
5 December 2014: A criminal court in Egypt sentenced to death 188 Muslim Brotherhood (Egypt's largest opposition movement, designated a terrorist group in 2013) supporters for carrying out an attack in August 2013, against a police station in the area of Giza, widely known as the "Kerdasa massacre". This incident claimed the lives of 12 police officers and two civilians.
5 December 2014: The European Court of Human Rights ordered France to offer compensation to nine Somalis arrested in 2008, most of whom were convicted for piracy. The Court held that the Somalis were held in custody for an "unnecessarily long period" and thus, they are entitled to compensations for damages. The judgment of the Court can be found here (in French).
4 December 2014: The Trial Chamber V(B) of the ICC rejected the Prosecution's request to further adjourn the case against Uhuru Kenyatta as well as the Defence's request to terminate the proceedings. The Chamber gave the Prosecution a week to decide whether to withdraw the case or send it to trial.
4 December 2014: Cameroon will vote in the coming days on whether to impose the death penalty on perpetrators of acts of terrorism. The draft law currently under debate "provides the ultimate penalty, the death penalty, for anyone who personally, in complicity or under coercion commits a terrorist act", Cavaye Yeguie Djibril, the Spokesperson of the Parliament, said.
3 December 2014: The Irish Government announced it will make a request to the European Court of Human Rights to review the judgment of a case against the UK for alleged torture. The case concerns 14 men from Northern Ireland who were detained by the UK government and forced to undergo interrogation techniques which included hooding the detainees, continuous white noise, sleep deprivation, food and drink deprivation, and wall-standing.
2 December 2014: A special tribunal in Bangladesh dealing with war crimes committed during the country's independence war found the British journalist David Bergman guilty of contempt for questioning the official death toll of the 1971 conflict. The court ordered him to pay a fine of 5,000 Takas ($65) or go to jail for a week.
2 December 2014: The International Commission of Jurists has today released the 88th edition of the E-Bulletin on counter-terrorism and human rights. It covers highlights from Africa & Middle East, Americas, Asia and Pacific, Europe & Commonwealth of Independent States as well as from international and regional organizations (UN & EU).
2 December 2014: At the initiative of the Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the UN, in cooperation with the Liechtenstein Institute on Self-Determination, some 25 diplomats and experts assembled to discuss accountability options for Syria. They opined, inter alia, that the ICC remained the preferred option, while there was no expectation that it will succeed in the near future and that national trials would be the best way to ensure accountability. They also proposed the setting up of a hybrid court which could involve international, Arab judges, prosecutors and lawyers alongside Syrians.
2 December 2014: The chief prosecutor pursuing the case against Alois Brunner, one of the most wanted Nazi war criminals, confessed that new information from a former German secret service agent indicates that Brunner died in 2010 and is buried in an unknown grave in Damascus, Syria.
2 December 2014: The UN Committee against Torture released a report criticizing the US compliance with the Convention against Torture. Excessive use of force, police brutality, military interrogations and the criminalization of torture itself were included amongst the top concerns. Concern was also raised over the detention facilities in Guantanamo Bay, urging the US to cease the indefinite holding of suspects of terrorism-related activities without official charge or trial.
1 December 2014: The Appeals Chamber of the ICC has confirmed, by majority, Trial Chamber I's verdict of 14 March 2012 declaring Thomas Lubanga guilty of the war crime of enlisting, conscripting and using in hostilities children under the age of fifteen, as well as the Trial Chamber I's decision of 10 July 2012 sentencing Thomas Lubanga to 14 years' imprisonment. The ICC's press release can be found here.
1 December 2014: The ICTY prosecutor requested that Vojislav Seselj, a former Serbian politician released in early November from the custody of the ICTY for "humanitarian reasons", must be brought back to detention because of his "unacceptable public statements that are inflammatory and insulting to victims of the 1990s Balkan wars".
1 December 2014: A 22-year old woman was charged by the British police with two offences under the Terrorism Act for encouraging terrorism and disseminating terrorist publications on Twitter.
1 December 2014: Nine civil society organizations have reportedly filed a suit against the Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan seeking an order of mandamus to conduct a “thorough, prompt, and impartial investigation” into allegations of war crimes committed by the military and members of the pro-government militia.
1 December 2014: On 28 November REDRESS published the thirteenth issue of its EU Update on Serious International Crimes which outlines the main Europe-wide developments in inter-national criminal justice.
1 December 2014: The Parliament of Bolivia has passed a resolution condemning the denial of the Armenian "genocide" and supporting the struggle of Armenian people for human rights and justice.
28 November 2014: Sri Lanka's opposition presidential candidate promised to protect incumbent President Mahinda Rajapaksa. from war crimes prosecution. Rajapaksa's government and the defeated Tamil Tiger rebels are being investigated by the UN Human Rights Council for possible war crimes in the final stage of the country's 25-year civil war in 2009.
28 November 2014: In a landmark judgment rendered by the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the death row criminals convicted of committing war crimes during the 1971 independence war against Pakistan, were granted the right to seek review of their death sentence.
28 November 2014: A French TV Channel was ordered by a Paris court to pay 5,000 Euro to Wenceslas Munyeshyaka, a Rwandan priest, as damage for having presented him as guilty of genocide during a broadcast. The French court considered that the broadcast violated Munyeshyaka’s right to be considered innocent until proven guilty as he is currently under investigation in France for allegedly having committed genocide against the Tutsi in the Rwandan genocide.