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Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)


The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.

For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. 

Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.

The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013



News updates


23 September 2014: Amnesty International said in a new report issued today that many Chinese companies are involved in the production and trade of torture devices - including electric shock stun batons and weighted leg cuffs - and thereby fueling human rights abuses worldwide. Amnesty urges the Chinese authorities to immediately take action as there are no justifications for allowing the manufacturing and trade in equipment for which the primary purpose is to torture or inflict cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment on people. For the report, see here.

23 September 2014: Human Rights Watch (HRW) published a report documenting sexual violence committed by government forces and Maoist combatants during Nepal's civil war (1996-2006). HRW urges the government of Nepal to take immediate measures to encourage women to report sexual violence crimes committed during the war, and to develop mechanisms to investigate allegations of sexual abuse as many of those crimes remain unreported. For the report, see here.

22 September 2014: The UN Human Rights Council (HRC) discussed the use of armed drones in counter-terrorism and military operations to ensure that their use is in accordance with international law - including international humanitarian and human rights law - as unlawful killings may amount to war crimes. Several human rights and civil rights organisations already issued a joint letter to the HRC last week urging it to support states in, inter alia, ensuring that lethal targeting operations comply with international law and in ensuring transparency on the use of armed drones.

NEW ON ICD: ICD Brief No. 6 by Luke Moffett on "Realising Justice for Victims Before the International Criminal Court".

21 September 2014: The Islamic State reportedly beheaded people in northern Syria last week when it seized dozens of villages close to the Turkish border by using heavy arms and thousands of fighters.

20 September 2014: Belgian authorities reportedly prevented several terrorist attacks in recent months by jihadist fighters returning home from Syria. According to Dutch public broadcaster NOS, a man and woman who had returned from Syria were arrested in August on suspicion of plotting an assault on the European Commission's headquarters in Brussels.

19 September 2014: The International Criminal Court ordered Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, who faces five counts of crimes against humanity, to appear before the tribunal on 8 October over claims that his government obstructed prosecutors preparing his trial.

18 September 2014: Belgian police arrested Martina Johnson, a high-ranking member of the rebel movement that plunged Liberia into conflict more than two decades ago, and charged her with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Johnson has been described as a leader of Operation Octopus, a battle for Liberia's capital city in 1992 that killed several thousand people.

18 September 2014: Amnesty International released a report stating that the military and police in Nigeria use a wide range of torture methods - including beatings, shootings, rape and other sexual violence - to extort money or to extract confessions as a way to solve cases. According to Amnesty, the use of torture is particularly extreme in north-east Nigeria in the war against Boko Haram militants. For the report detailing cases of torture and ill-treatment, see here.

17 September 2014: Human Rights Watch released a report stating that governments wanting to limit impunity for the most serious international crimes should look to the examples of France, Germany and the Netherlands. In those European countries, specialized war crimes units composed of police, prosecutors, and immigration officials have the means to bring those responsible for atrocity crimes worldwide to justice and to ensure that war criminals do not find safe haven when they flee their own country. The report examines the inner workings of the war crimes units in those three countries and highlights key lessons learned. For the report, see here

16 September 2014:  The chairman of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, presented the Commission's eight report to the UN Human Rights Council detailing more atrocities committed by both Islamic extremists and Syrian government forces. Pinheiro said that the inaction of the international community to bring the Syrian conflict to an end continues to allow the warring parties to operate with impunity and nourished the violence that has consumed Syria.

16 September 2014: The case Hassan v. UK is now available online. The case dealt with the detention of Iraqi national Tarek Hassan by British armed forces in southern Iraq in 2003 and his subsequent release and death under unclear circumstances. The Grand Chamber held that Tarek Hassan's capture and detention had not been arbitrary, and the complaints concerning his alleged ill-treatment and death were declared inadmissible for lack of evidence. For the judgment, see here.

16 September 2014: Prosecutors in Germany charged Oskar Groening, a former SS guard, with 300,000 counts of accessory to murder for serving as an SS guard at the Nazis’ Auschwitz death camp. Prosecutors stated that Groening helped the Nazi regime benefit economically, and that he supported the systematic killings.

15 September 2014: The leaders and diplomats from more than 30 countries, including world powers, called the Islamic State (IS) a threat to the international community and pledged to take collective measures - including military ones - to combat this terrorist group that controls large parts of Iraq and Syria. IS fighters allegedly carried out crimes against humanity and war crimes, including torture, beheadings, and mass summary killings and abductions against ethnic and religious minorities.

12 September 2014: Human rights groups called on the ICC Prosecutor to open a preliminary examination into allegations of crimes against humanity committed in Mexico. The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and the Northwest Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCDH) presented a report on torture, severe deprivation of liberty and enforced disappearances allegedly committed by the armed forces and state security forces between 2006 and 2012. For the report, see here (in Spanish only).

12 September 2014: More than 5,000 people reportedly died in eastern parts of the Central African Republic (CAR) since December last year due to sectarian violence that broke out in March 2013 between Christian and Muslim militia groups. In June of this year, the UN issued a report stating that both sides in the conflict allegedly committed war crimes and crimes against humanity

11 September 2014: Trial Chamber IV of the ICC issued an arrest warrant against Darfur rebel leader Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain who faces three war crimes charges. Those war crimes were allegedly committed in an attack carried out on 29 September 2007 against the African Union Peacekeeping Mission in Sudan (AMIS).

NEW ON ICD: The video of the Supranational Criminal Law lecture given by former Nuremberg prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz on "Illegal Armed Force as a Crime against Humanity” is now available online. For the video, see here

11 September 2014: The Palestinian authorities have reportedly prevented the launch of a formal investigation into alleged war crimes committed by Israel and Palestinian militant groups during the recent 50-day Gaza war. In a recent article ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda already stated that the Palestinian authorities have so far not granted the ICC's Office of the Prosecutor the jurisdiction to investigate alleged war crimes committed in Gaza.

11 September 2014: After investigating three attacks carried out by Israel on or near UN schools in Gaza serving as shelter for displaced Palestinians, Human Rights Watch (HRW) alleged that Israel committed war crimes during the latest 50-day Gaza war. HRW said that two of the three attacks did not appear to target a military objective or were otherwise unlawfully indiscriminate, and that the third attack was unlawfully disproportionate if not otherwise indiscriminate.

10 September 2014: Israel's chief military prosecutor ordered criminal investigations into two of the most high-profile incidents in the recent Gaza war, the killing of four children in an Israeli air strike at Gaza's port and the shelling of a UN school in Beit Hanoun that left 15 people dead and scores more injured.

9 September 2014: Somali authorities said they will investigate charges that women and girls in the capital Mogadishu had been raped by African peacekeepers. Human Rights Watch released a report earlier this week stating that women and girls had been raped at peacekeeping bases run by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

NEW ON ICD: ICD Brief 5 by Abel S. Knottnerus on "The International Criminal Court on Presence at Trial: The (In)Validity of Rule 134quater" .

News archive

For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.