Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.)
4 March 2015: Kosovo's special prosecution office announced it indicted seven persons for terrorism-related crimes, such as urging others to commit or participate in terrorist acts, participate in activities of terrorist groups and procure material resources for them.
3 March 2015: The UN called for accountability in Sri Lanka human rights investigation as the officials carried out its own investigations in war crimes during a 26-year civil war. The UN Under-Secretary for Political Affairs also urged the nation's government "to take steps in the short term to address issues regarding land, detentions, disappearances, and the military posture in civilian areas".
3 March 2015: The ECCC charged in absentia two new suspects, the Khmer Rouge navy chief Meas Muth and former district commander Im Chaem, with homicide and crimes against humanity, including enslavement, extermination and other inhumane acts. The charges have to be endorsed by the court's senior judges before the two are indicted to face trial.
NEW ON ICD: The case of J. Doe v. Alvaro Rafael Saravia et al. is now available online. On 24 March 1980, Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero was killed in the Chapel of the Divine Providence Hospital in San Salvador. The killing was planned and coordinated by officers of the Salvadoran military, including Alvaro Rafael Saravia. As a result of the influence of these persons, no one was convicted for the killing of Archbishop Romero. In 2003, the Center for Justice and Accountability (CJA) filed a suit on behalf of relatives of Archbishop Romero against Alvaro Rafael Saravia, who went into hiding after he was served with the complaint. In November 2004, the U.S. District Court Eastern District of California found Saravialiable for the assassination of Archbishop Romero and awarded a total of $10,000,000.00 in damages.
2 March 2015: Interpol issued notices seeking the arrest of 17 Bosnian Yugoslav fighters, including the current head of Serbia’s parliamentary committee for security, Momir Stojanovic, and 16 other people who were part of Belgrade’s forces during the war in Kosovo, all of them suspect of committing war crimes against civilians in 1999.
2 March 2015: The Cairo Court for Urgent Matters ruled on Saturday that the Palestinian resistance movement Hamas is a terrorist organization. The decision was based on two lawsuits, against the de facto rulers of the Gaza Strip, alleging that Hamas is responsible for multiple attacks against Egyptian security forces, which have resulted in casualties and deaths.
2 March 2015: The US Immigration Officials are seeking to deport at least 150 Bosnians living in the US who allegedly took part in war crimes and “ethnic cleansing” during the Yugoslav conflict in the 1990s. The authorities identified about 300 immigrants who, they believe, concealed their involvement in atrocities when they came to the US as part of a wave of Bosnian war refugees fleeing the violence there.
27 February 2015: The Appeals Chamber of the ICC today confirmed the Trial Chamber's decision to acquit the Congolese Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui of charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes. A joint dissenting opinion came from Judges Ekaterina Trendafilova and Cuno Tarfusser who said that the Appeals Chamber should have amended or reversed the Trial Chamber's decision and ordered a new trial before a different Chamber.
27 February 2015: The Supreme Court of Nepal rejected the possibility of an amnesty law for perpetrators of war crimes committed during a decade-long civil war when 17,000 people were killed and 1,300 disappeared. The order given by a three-judge bench is considered a victory for the human rights activists and victims' groups.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Jennifer K. Harbury v. Michael V. Hayden et al. is now available online. It concerns the case of Jennifer Harbury, the wife of ex-rebel commander Efrain Bamaca-Velasquez who was killed in Guatemala in the early 1990s. She brought a complaint against U.S. governmental officials in 2006 claiming that her husband was captured in 1992 by Guatemalan army officers who were affiliated with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and subjected to torture. Harbury’s tort claim was dismissed because the District Court found that it did not have authority to rule on it since the damage occurred in another state, namely in Guatemala. On appeal, the decision was upheld by the Court of Appeals. The Court ruled that the case involved political questions which are non-justiciable, and, in addition, that it lacked subject-matter jurisdiction to consider Harbury’s tort claim.
26 February 2015: A Swedish court handed a five-year prison sentence to a Syrian refugee, member of a group under the Free Syrian Army, who was found guilty of torturing a captured member of President Bashar Assad's forces. This sentence marked the first time when such charges in connection with the Syrian conflict were brought to a Swedish court.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Madeleine Mangabu Bukumba and Gracia Mukumba, Applicant and The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, Respondent is now available online. Madelaine Bukumba, a woman originally from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), was previously employed by the Comité de Securité de l'État (CSE). After being shown on television speaking against the government’s use of child soldiers, Bukumba was put in prison for 15 days. Following her release, she attempted to quit her job but was threatened to be killed if she would quit, so, Bukumba fled to Kenya and eventually to Canada together with her minor daughter. Bukumba claimed protection under the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees in order not to be returned to the DRC. The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada held that she did not qualify for protection because she had been an accomplice to serious crimes committed by the government because she was a former governmental employee. In addition, the Immigration and Refugee Board held that there was no risk to her or her daughter’s life if returned to the DRC.
25 February 2015: Amnesty International (AI) released its annual report 2014/2015 and urged the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to give up their power of veto in cases where atrocities such as genocide are being committed. AI also emphasized that 2014 had been a catastrophic year for victims of conflict and violence while the global response to an array of catastrophes had been shameful.
25 February 2015: The Supreme Court of Kenya ruled on Monday that eight sections of the nation's controversial anti-terrorism law are against the Kenyan Constitution. The Court found that some provisions violate the freedom of expression and media as well as the principle of non-refoulment as provided for in the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees.
25 February 2015: The International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh convicted and sentenced on Tuesday Abdul Jabbar, a former lawmaker of the opposition Jatiyo Party, to life in prison for genocide and religious persecution committed during the1971 Liberation War. He was tried in absentia, as it is thought that he has fled to the US.
24 February 2015: Amnesty International research indicated that the Egyptian Air Force airstrike on 16 February, against the residential neighborhood in the Libyan city of Derna, failed to take adequate precautionary measures to avoid civilian casualties, thus amounting to war crimes.
24 February 2015: A jury for the US District Court for the Southern District of New York found the Palestine Liberation Organisation and the Palestinian Authority liable for their role in six terrorist attacks which took place in Israel between 2002 and 2004. The jury awarded $218.5 million in damages to the victims' families, which is automatically tripled to $655.5 million under the 1992 US Anti-Terrorism Act [28 USC § 1350].
NEW ON ICD: The case of Hilal Abdul Razzaq Ali Al Jedda v. The Secretary of State for Defence is now available online. Hilal Abdul Razzaq Ali Al Jedda was born in Iraq but went to the UK in 1992 where he was granted British citizenship in June 2000. In October 2004, Al Jedda was arrested after travelling to Iraq because he was suspected of being a member of a terrorist organisation being responsible for attacks in Iraq. Al Jedda was detained in a military detention centre in Basra, Iraq, by British forces until 30 December 2007. Eventually, no charges were filed against Al Jedda. On 14 December 2007, shortly before his release, Al Jedda was deprived of his British citizenship. Al Jedda’s claim for damages for his unlawful detention in the period between May 2006 and December 2007, was refused by the Court of Appeal on 8 June 2010 on the ground that his detention had not violated any laws under the Iraqi Constitution. However, Al Jedda went further and filled an application with the ECtHR which stated that he was detained unlawfully under Article 5(1) ECHR and awarded him substantial damages. The Court of Appeal (Civil Division) in the UK also declared invalid the order of the Secretary of State pursuant to which Al Jedda lost his British citizenship.
23 February 2015: Tony Abbott, the Australian Prime Minister, announced a new national counter-terrorism strategy as the country enters a "long-term era of heightened terrorism threat". His speech at the federal police headquarters focused primarily on the increased number of Australian foreign fighters returning home and the way the federal government will deal with the subsequent dangers.
23 February 2015: Goran Hadzic, a war crimes indictee before the ICTY and former president of the Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK), requested the ICTY to urgently grant him temporary release so he could undergo chemotherapy as he was diagnosed with inoperable cancer in its last stage. He stays before the ICTY following an indictment for crimes against humanity and violation of the laws and customs of war during the 1991-1995 armed conflicts in Croatia.
20 February 2015: Sri Lanka adopted a witness protection law ahead of a war crimes investigation into suspected human rights abuses in a 26-year civil war, which is considered necessary for a reconciliation with the ethnic minority Tamils.
20 February 2015: The United Nations war crimes investigators announced on Friday that they want to change their strategy by publishing names of suspects involved in Syria's four-year war and push for new routes towards international justice. They also said that not publishing the four lists of names they have would mean reinforcing the impunity that the Commission was mandated to combat.
20 February 2015: 19 Central African and International groups requested today that the Central African Republic’s transitional parliament should adopt a draft law establishing a Special Criminal Court in order to speed up justice for victims of atrocities in the country. The organizations said that the Special Criminal Court would strengthen "the national judiciary’s capacity to investigate and prosecute those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in efficient, independent and fair trials".
19 February 2015: A terrorism conviction against the former Guantanamo Bay detainee, David Hicks, has been overturned by the US Court of Military Commission Review on the grounds that the charge was not a war crime and so, should not have been heard at a military court. This unanimous ruling reverses what had been one of the few successes in prosecuting Guantanamo detainees.
19 February 2015: The Court of Cassation of France overturned a lower court decision and decided to stay the extradition of a former police officer to Argentina for alleged crimes against humanity during the country's military dictatorship. The Court also held that the case should be reexamined and sent it back for rehearing by an appeals court in Versailles.
18 February 2015: Abdus Subhan, a top leader of fundamentalist Jamaat-e-Islami party, was sentenced to death today by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh for crimes against humanity during the country’s independence war against Pakistan in 1971.
18 February 2015: Michael Kirby, the Australian former judge who headed the UN Commission of Inquiry into North Korea's human rights violations that concluded last year, said that Pyongyang's actions, while constituting a crime against humanity, fell short of genocide due to a very "narrow definition" of genocide in the 1948 Genocide Convention. The investigation consisted of testimonies from 300 witnesses and corroborating evidence that documented a vast network of prison camps believed to hold as many as 120,000 people.
18 February 2015: Amnesty International deplored on Tuesday the "horrific execution-style" killing of 21 Coptic Christians by members of the Islamic Group in Libya, calling it a war crime and an attack on the fundamental principles of humanity.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Hereros v. Deutsche Afrika-Linien GMBLT & Co. is now available online. Members of the Herero (the Hereros), an African tribe from Namibia, brought a claim against German company Deutsche Afrika-Linien GmbH & Co. The Hereros claimed that this company used slave labor and ran its own concentration camp during Germany’s occupation of South Africa in the late 19th- and early 20th- century. The Hereros sued the German company for damages suffered during the occupation. The case was dismissed by the District Court because the Hereros failed to state a claim in their complaint. On 10 April 2007, the dismissal was affirmed by the Court of Appeals.
17 February 2015: Two people have been allegedly detained by authorities from the State Investigation and Protection Agency, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on suspicion of committing war crimes against civilians in the Livno Area in 1992.
17 February 2015: Reports by Human Rights Watch (HRW) revealed that militias allied with Iraqi forces are committing abuses that are possibly amounting to war crimes. According to HRW, in some areas, the residents have been forced to flee their homes, were kidnapped and extra-judicially executed. In the provinces of Muqdadiyya area of Diyala, more than 3,000 people have been forced from their homes since June and have been prevented from returning, in some cases, because militia forces torched their homes.
NEW ON ICD: The case of the Government in exile of the Republic of South Moluccas (RMS) v. The Netherlands is now available online. It concerns a case brought against the President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, who had planned a visit to the Netherlands from 6 to 8 October 2010. The government in exile of the Republic of South Moluccas (RMS) filed a complaint in the Netherlands and requested the Indonesian President to be arrested upon arrival in the Netherlands, and furthermore, that he would be prosecuted for human rights violations committed against Moluccan detainees. On 14 October 2010, the District Court of The Hague dismissed the case because President Yudhoyono as head of state could not be prosecuted (head of state immunity). On 22 November 2011, the Court of Appeal upheld the decision.
16 February 2015: The Judges of the Extraordinary African Chambers established that there is sufficient evidence against the former Chadian President Hissene Habre to stand trial for torture, war crimes and crimes against humanity for allegedly perpetrating thousands of political killings during his 1982-1990 presidency in Chad.
16 February 2015: The UK enhanced its anti-terror strategy by enacting on Friday a new legislation to help combat terrorism by deterring British citizens joining Islamic State (IS) and other militant groups in Iraq and Syria. The Counter-Terrorism and Security Act, which will take effect as of next week, expands the current anti-terror law and includes provisions allowing the UK to stop a citizen's re-entry into the country when he or she is suspected of aiding terrorist groups and requiring internet providers to maintain communication data of UK citizens to allow the police to find individuals who may be using certain devices. While civil rights defenders criticized the legislation as being against international law, Theresa May explained that it is a necessary measure to "control the actions of those who pose a threat".