Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. For ICD briefs and video and audio, please click here.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
(For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Veiz Bjelić is now available online. Veiz Bjelić was born on 12 September 1949 in Vlasenica. In the period from June 1992 to 26 January 1993, he was a prison guard in the “Štala” prison where Serb civilians and members of the armed forces who no longer participated in the fighting, were detained. During that time, Bjelić repeatedly raped one female person and threatened to kill her if she would tell it to someone. He also led soldiers of the Territorial Defence of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina to enter the prison, where they subsequently abused Serb civilians both physically and mentally. Bjelić was found guilty on 28 March 2003 and was sentenced to six years imprisonment.
17 April 2015: Interpol issued a "red notice" for the arrest of the war crimes convict, Abdul Jabbar. Jabbar was sentenced to life imprisonment by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh for murders, loot, arson and deportation as crimes against humanity during the 1971 Liberation War.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Vinko Kondić is now available online. Vinko Kondić was born on 25 September 1953 in Donje Sokolovo in the municipality of Ključ, Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the war in the former Yugoslavia, he served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) Municipal Organisation in Ključ, as Commander of the Ključ police station (SJB), as member of the Ključ Crisis Headquarters and as member of the Ključ Defence Council. The Prosecutor’s Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina claimed that Kondić participated in the crimes committed in June 1991 against Bosnian Muslims (Bosniak) and Croat civilians. In particular, he allegedly killed and transferred Bosniak and Croat men to concentration camps where they were beaten, threatened with weapons, and tortured.
16 April 2015: It has been reported that the Constitutional Court of Kosovo gave its accord on Wednesday to the EU plans of setting up a special court which could see top Kosovan leaders and politicians stand trial over alleged war crimes of human harvesting during the 1998-1999 war.
16 April 2015: On the occasion of the centenary of the Armenian genocide, in a resolution put to vote on Wednesday, the EU Parliament called on Turkey to recognize the Armenian genocide, renew the diplomatic relations with Armenia, open the border and pave the way for economic integration. However, prior to the vote on the resolution, the Turkish President said Ankara would disregard any of Brussels’s decisions.
16 April 2015: The Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina issued an indictment against ten former members of the Army of Republika Srpska, from the area of Višegrad, for war crimes allegedly committed during the Balkan conflict of the 1990s. The men are accused of imprisoning, torturing and killing 20 people abducted from a train in eastern Bosnia in February of 1993.
15 April 2015: A judge for the US District Court for the District of Columbia sentenced a former Blackwater security contractor to life in prison and three others to 30 years imprisonment for the killing of unarmed Iraqi civilians in 2007. Nicholas Slatten, a former Army sniper, was found guilty of murder for firing the first fatal shots. The other three men, Dustin Heard, Evan Liberty and Paul Slough, were found guilty of manslaughter, attempted manslaughter and use of a machine gun in a violent crime.
15 April 2015: The Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina handed down a verdict sentencing four former members of the Croatian Armed Forces to a total of 24 years imprisonment for war crimes committed against Serb civilians in prison camp Dretelj near Capljina and military clinic in Mostar back in 1992.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Public Prosecutor v. Darko Knesevic is now available online. Darko Knesevic was born in Banja Luka (former Yugoslavia) on 10 October 1964. On 1 November 1995, the Officer of Justice of the District Court in Arnhem, the Netherlands, requested a preliminary inquiry into which legal authority was competent in the case against Knesevic. Knesevic was suspected of killing two Bosnian Muslims, threatening others and transferring them to a concentration camp, and attempting to rape two women, while he was part of an armed group serving as part of the Bosnian Serb militias that killed Bosnian Muslim civilians during the armed conflict in the former Yugoslavia (1992-1995). The Supreme Court of the Netherlands (Hoge Raad), relying on the Geneva Conventions’ concept of universal jurisdiction, ruled that the Dutch military chambers could consider the case even though the alleged crimes were committed outside the Netherlands.
14 April 2015: The Appeals Chamber of the ICTY ruled on Monday that the Croatian Serb wartime leader Goran Hadžić could temporarily be released to Serbia to follow chemotherapy treatment for cancer. Goran Hadzic is charged with 14 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity over his alleged involvement in the forced removal and murder of thousands of non-Serb civilians from Croatia between 1991 and 1993.
14 April 2015: A Turkish court in the southeastern city of Diyarbakir on Monday acquitted Frederike Geerdink, a Dutch journalist accused of disseminating "terrorist propaganda" on behalf of a Kurdish rebel group. Geerdink's arrest and prosecution allegedly attracted heavy criticism from rights groups and the Dutch government.
13 April 2015: A Federal Judge in Canada released a ruling according to which the Government of Canada was stopped from deporting a Sri Lankan war criminal, establishing that the former member of the Tamil Tigers could be at risk if forced to return to his home country.
13 April 2015: The Spanish Judge Pablo Ruz ruled that there was evidence that 11 Moroccan former officials should stand trial on charges of genocide in connection with killings and torture against the Sahrawi people, in the former Spanish protectorate of Western Sahara from 1976 to 1991.
13 April 2015: Following a rejection of his final appeal by a court in Bangladesh, Muhammad Kamaruzzaman, one of the highest-ranking officials in the Islamist Jamaat-e-Islami, was executed in Bangladesh on Saturday for war crimes committed in 1971 during the nation's war of independence. Kamaruzzaman was convicted of committing torture, abduction and mass murder, including the killing of 120 unarmed farmers in the village of Sohagpu.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Prosecutor-General of the Supreme Court v. Desiré Bouterse is now available online. Desiré Bouterse, a Surinamese politician, was born on 13 October 1945. Bouterse led a coup d’état in 1980 and became the military leader of Suriname until 1987. Relatives of victims of the so-called December murders of 8 and 9 December 1982, when 15 opponents of the military regime headed by Bouterse were tortured and subsequently killed, brought a complaint against Bouterse in the Netherlands. On 18 September 2001, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands dismissed the action against Bouterse. The Court held that Bouterse could not be prosecuted because he was not connected in any way to the Netherlands. Moreover, the acts committed under the military dictatorship of Bouterse were not criminalised as such at the time they were committed.
10 April 2015: According to US officials, the US on Wednesday deported Carlos Eugenio Vides Casanova, a former defense minister in El Salvador in the period between 1983 and 1989, accused of involvement in torture and killings 30 years ago, during El Salvador's civil war. The Legal Advisor of the Center for Justice and Accountability which brought a case against Vides Casanova in 1999 on behalf of torture victims living in the US said that the deportation is a historic moment for the victims and survivors of human rights abuses during El Salvador's civil war.
10 April 2015: A Pakistan court ordered the release of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, the main suspect in the 2008 terror attacks in Mumbai. The decision came less than a month after the authorities in Pakistan reordered his detention. The court suspended his detention under the Maintenance of Public Order because the evidence provided by the government was considered to be "unsatisfactory" by the court. Lakhvi was ordered to pay two surety bonds valued at 1 million rupees each (roughly USD $16,000), prior to his release.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Dragan Damjanović is now available online. Dragan Damjanović, born in Sarajevo on 23 November 1961, was an ethnic Serb citizen of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Damjanović was a member of the Republika Srpska Army, and was accused and found guilty of crimes against humanity (murder, enforced disappearance, and sexual crimes amongst others) committed in Vogošća municipality between July 1992 and January 1993. The Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina sentenced him to 20 years imprisonment to be served in fully closed prisons under strict control.
9 April 2015: The Appeals Chamber of the ICTY confirmed the conviction for genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, extermination, murder, persecutions, and inhumane acts (forcible transfer) committed in the context of two joint criminal enterprises by the Bosnian Serb general Zdravko Tolimir. The Court also upheld Tolimir’s sentence to life imprisonment.
9 April 2015: Human Rights Watch issued an analysis of Tunisia's draft counterterrorism law, expressing concern over its provisions which could potentially lead to serious human rights abuses. The law would permit extended incommunicado detention, weaken due process guarantees for people charged with terrorism offenses, and allow the death penalty for anyone convicted of a terrorist attack resulting in death.
8 April 2015: Following allegations of widespread atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq by ISIS, Fatou Bensouda, the Prosecutor of the ICC, declared that the "jurisdictional basis for opening a preliminary examination into this situation is too narrow at this stage". However, she emphasized the primary role the national authorities have in investigating and prosecuting perpetrators of mass crimes and expressed her commitment to consult with relevant States to coordinate, and possibly exchange information on crimes allegedly committed by their nationals to support domestic investigations and prosecutions.
8 April 2015: The body of Okot Odhiambo, one of five Lord’s Resistance Army soldiers, wanted for the past decade by the ICC on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity has been allegedly found during an exhumation by Ugandan troops in March. An official announcement from Uganda is still
awaited, as the forensics experts are still completing DNA confirmation on the remains of the commander.
8 April 2015: The War Crimes Department of the High Court in Belgrade acquitted Zarko Cubrilo, a former member of a Territorial Defense unit in Tenja, eastern Croatia, accused of illegally detaining and killing 11 Croat civilians near the village of Bobota in Croatia. The Court held that the prosecution failed to prove its accusations, while witness testimonies heard during the trial were described as "containing numerous contradictions".
NEW ON ICD: The case of The General Prosecutor of the Democratic Republic of East Timor v. Paulo Gonsalves, Marcelino Leto Bili Purificasao and Rosalino Pires is now available online. On 12 June 2002, the Special Panel for Serious Crimes of the Dili District Court, East Timor, issued an indictment against Paulo Gonsalves, Marcelino Leto Bili Purificasao and Rosalino Pires, respectively the commander, deputy commander, and a member of the Halilintar Merah Putih militia group based in the subdistrict of Atabae in East Timor. According to the allegations, several victims alleged to be supporters of East Timor’s independence from Indonesia were detained, beaten, and raped by the three members of Halilintar Merah Putih in the period between February and September 1999. In that period, numerous pro-Indonesian militia groups operated throughout East Timor attacking pro-independence supporters with the goal to gain autonomy within Indonesia.
7 April 2015: Following weeks of testimony, the jurors will begin deliberations on Tuesday in the trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who faces life in prison or the death penalty for his involvement in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. Tsarnaev stands accused of 30 counts, including setting off weapons of mass destruction at a public event as an act of terrorism. Seventeen of those counts carry a sentence of death or life imprisonment. If Tsarnaev is found guilty of at least one of the 17 capital counts, the trial will proceed to a second phase, the so-called penalty phase.
7 April 2015: A Bangladeshi Appeals Court on Monday turned down a final appeal by Muhammad Kamaruzzaman, an Islamist party official convicted for war crimes committed during the 1971 Liberation War, upholding his death sentence. Kamaruzzaman's last alternative is to seek presidential clemency, but if his plea is rejected he will face execution soon. Kamaruzzaman would be the second individual executed for crimes related to the 1971 war.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Alec Kruger and others v. The Commonwealth of Australia is now available online. Eight inhabitants of the Northern Territory (Australia) who had been taken from their families between 1925 and 1944 under the Aboriginals Ordinance of 1918 (which allowed the forced removal of children of mixed Aboriginal descent), and a mother, Rose Napangardi McClary, whose child had been taken from her under the same law, sought a declaration that the Ordinance was unconstitutional. They instituted legal proceedings in 1995. In July 1997, the High Court rejected all their arguments and held that the Ordinance was not unconstitutional.
6 April 2015: France will release Claude Muhayimana, a Rwandan genocide suspect, after the Paris Appeals Court confirmed on Friday an earlier judgment to free Muhayimana. Claude Muhayimana had been placed under investigation for genocide and crimes against humanity following a complaint from the CPCR, an organisation responsible with tracking suspects in the 1994 Rwandan genocide. Rwandan authorities have requested his extradition, accusing him of involvement in the killing of thousands of people in a church and a stadium in the western district of Kibuye but France's Appeals Court refused to extradite him on the grounds that the crime of genocide was not on the statute books in Rwanda in 1994.
6 April 2015: The Government of Bangladesh decided to merge the two International Crimes Tribunals into a single tribunal as the number of pending war crimes cases has dropped recently and one single tribunal is enough to deal with the five pending cases before the two tribunals. So far, the Tribunal-1off eight cases filed against eight war criminals, while the Tribunal-2 settled nine cases of war crimes offences committed by 10 people.
NEW ON ICD: The case of Prosecutor's Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Radoje Lalović and Soniboj Škiljević is now available online. It concerns the case of Radoje Lalović, a former warden at the Butmir Correctional and Penal Facility (KPD) in Kula, the Sarajevo municipality of Ilidža, which mostly functioned as a detention camp (between early May and mid-December 1992), and of Soniboj Škiljević, a deputy warden at the Butmir Correctional and Penal Facility (KPD) in Kula (also in the period between early May and mid-December 1992). Lalović and Škiljević were responsible for the functioning of the Butmir KPD and the actions of its guards. In 2001, they were not found guilty of charges that they, inter alia, ordered the killings, imprisonment, and torture of the detainees held at the Butmir KPD. Lalović and Škiljević were neither found guilty of the charges that even though they knew that the crimes were taking place, they did not prevent them or did punish the perpetrators.
3 April 2015: Somalia's cabinet passed an anti-terrorism law, following a high-level ministerial discussion on the bill submitted by the Ministry of National Security. Following a statement by the Prime Minister's office, the bill is aimed at tackling the growing insecurity and handling the terror groups. It will also empower law enforcement agencies in the country to effectively handle terror-related cases immediately.
3 April 2015: Pakistani military courts sentenced six Islamic militants to death on charges including terrorism, murder, suicide bombing and kidnapping for ransom. These sentences marked the first time when such rulings by military courts are handed down, since authorities lifted a moratorium on the death penalty last December, after a Taliban attack at an army run school in Peshawar killed 150 people, mostly children.