Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
31 July 2014: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said that both Israel and Hamas are violating international humanitarian law by placing and firing rockets within densely populated areas. Pillay urges world powers to hold Israel accountable for possible war crimes as it has deliberately disregarded its obligations under the Geneva Conventions by shelling and bombing schools, hospitals, houses, and UN premises in Gaza.
30 July 2014: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon strongly condemned the Israeli attack on a UN school in Gaza sheltering civilians, and said it demands justice and accountability. Amnesty International said that the attack may amount to a war crime that should be independently investigated.
30 July 2014: The Dutch Minister of Security and Justice said that it is likely that those responsible for the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane over Eastern Ukraine on 17 July, will be tried before a Dutch or Malaysian court as cases will only be referred to the ICC when countries involved are unable or unwilling to investigate and prosecute crimes that fall within the jurisdiction of the Court. Under the Dutch International Crimes Act, the Dutch courts can exercise universal jurisdiction over acts amounting to war crimes.
30 July 2014: The UN-backed Khmer Rouge Court in Cambodia began a second trial of two former regime leaders on charges including genocide of Vietnamese people and ethnic Muslims, forced marriages and rape. The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia from 1975-1979, a period during which nearly 2 million people died from starvation, overwork, torture or execution.
29 July 2014: Some former leaders of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) face prosecution for crimes against humanity, including the killing and abduction of Serbs and other minorities during the 1998-1999 Kosovo war. The EU's Special Investigative Task Force, established in 2011, conducted a nearly three-year investigation into allegations put forward by Dick Marty, special rapporteur of the Council of Europe. For the official statement, see here.
28 July 2014: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said that the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane over Eastern Ukraine on 17 July may amount to a war crime. Pillay emphasized that it is important that a prompt, thorough, effective, independent and impartial investigation is conducted into the downing of the civilian aircraft.
26 July 2014: The chairman of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, said that commanders of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq (ISIS) may be placed on a list of war crimes suspects. Pinheiro said that the Commission gathered evidence that ISIS carried out public executions, crucifixions and other gross human rights violations during the ongoing Syrian war.
25 July 2014: Palestinian officials lodged a compliant at the ICC accusing Israel of having committed war crimes during its offensive in Gaza. The UN General Assembly granted Palestine non-member observer state status in November 2012 and therefore it is possible for Palestine to trigger ICC jurisdiction. The ICC must now determine whether it has jurisdiction over the complaint.
24 July 2014: The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Poland is complicit in the USA's rendition, secret detention, and torture of two alleged terrorism suspects. The Court held that by enabling the CIA to transfer the applicants to a secret detention facility in Poland, the Polish authorities exposed them to a foreseeable risk of torture and ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 of the Convention.
For the judgments see here, and here.
23 July 2014: Meeting in emergency session on the current situation in the Gaza Strip, the UN Human Rights Council agreed to launch an independent inquiry into violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law that may have been committed during Israel's offensive in Gaza.
23 July 2014: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said that Israel might have committed war crimes by killing civilians and shelling houses and hospitals since it began its 'Operation Protective Edge' offensive in Gaza two weeks ago. Pillay also condemned the indiscriminate firing of rockets and mortars by Palestinian militants into Israel (see official statement).
22 July 2014: The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) made a confidential legal assessment that Ukraine is officially in a non-international armed conflict. By designating the ongoing conflict in Ukraine as a non-international armed conflict, the ICRC has cleared the way for potential war crimes prosecutions, which may include the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane (see official statement ICRC).
22 July 2014: HRW investigated Israeli airstrikes that took place before the Israeli army began its ground offensive in Gaza and found no evidence of military targets in most of these cases. As the failure to direct attacks at military targets violates the law of armed conflict, these airstrikes may amount to war crimes.
21 July 2014: Amnesty International says that the continuing attacks on medical facilities and civilians in Gaza add to the list of war crimes allegations. Amnesty already called for a UN-mandated investigation into serious violations of international humanitarian law that have been committed by both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
21 July 2014: The Dutch Public Prosecution Service has opened an exploratory investigation into the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane over eastern Ukraine. It will investigate allegations of war crimes, murder and the intentional shooting down of the aircraft. The Dutch International Crimes Act established a wide extra-territorial jurisdiction for the Dutch courts with regard to war crimes which makes it possible to prosecute persons that committed a war crime against Dutch citizens outside the Netherlands (in Dutch).
18 July 2014: The International Law Commission (ILC) decided to start the process of drafting a convention on crimes against humanity that will complement the Rome Statute of the ICC, and which must strengthen the obligations of states under international law to end impunity for these crimes.
18 July 2014: The UN released a detailed report stating that serious human rights violations have been committed by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and related armed groups between 5 June and 5 July 2014, including some that may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The report also notes that more than 1,500 Iraqi civilians were killed in June.
17 July 2014: The English translation of yesterday's decision in the Mothers of Srebrenica case is now available here.
17 July 2014: The President of Sri Lanka decided to extend the term of the Commission tasked with the investigation into disappearances and possible war crimes committed during the country's civil war (1983-2009) as international pressure to investigate the final stages of the war intensified.
17 July 2014: On the occasion of today's annual Day of International Criminal Justice that marks the adoption of the Rome Statute, the President of the ICC emphasised that all States, organisations and individuals play a role in the fight against impunity.
For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.