Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)
The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.
For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page.
Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.
The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013
24 July 2014: The European Court of Human Rights ruled that Poland is complicit in the USA's rendition, secret detention, and torture of two alleged terrorism suspects. The Court held that by enabling the CIA to transfer the applicants to a secret detention facility in Poland, the Polish authorities exposed them to a foreseeable risk of torture and ill-treatment contrary to Article 3 of the Convention.
23 July 2014: Meeting in emergency session on the current situation in the Gaza Strip, the UN Human Rights Council agreed to launch an independent inquiry into violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law that may have been committed during Israel's offensive in Gaza.
23 July 2014: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said that Israel might have committed war crimes by killing civilians and shelling houses and hospitals since it began its 'Operation Protective Edge' offensive in Gaza two weeks ago. Pillay also condemned the indiscriminate firing of rockets and mortars by Palestinian militants into Israel (see official statement).
22 July 2014: The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) made a confidential legal assessment that Ukraine is officially in a non-international armed conflict. By designating the ongoing conflict in Ukraine as a non-international armed conflict, the ICRC has cleared the way for potential war crimes prosecutions, which may include the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane (see official statement ICRC).
22 July 2014: HRW investigated Israeli airstrikes that took place before the Israeli army began its ground offensive in Gaza and found no evidence of military targets in most of these cases. As the failure to direct attacks at military targets violates the law of armed conflict, these airstrikes may amount to war crimes.
21 July 2014: Amnesty International says that the continuing attacks on medical facilities and civilians in Gaza add to the list of war crimes allegations. Amnesty already called for a UN-mandated investigation into serious violations of international humanitarian law that have been committed by both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
21 July 2014: The Dutch Public Prosecution Service has opened an exploratory investigation into the downing of the Malaysia Airlines MH17 plane over eastern Ukraine. It will investigate allegations of war crimes, murder and the intentional shooting down of the aircraft. The Dutch International Crimes Act established a wide extra-territorial jurisdiction for the Dutch courts with regard to war crimes which makes it possible to prosecute persons that committed a war crime against Dutch citizens outside the Netherlands (in Dutch).
18 July 2014: The International Law Commission (ILC) decided to start the process of drafting a convention on crimes against humanity that will complement the Rome Statute of the ICC, and which must strengthen the obligations of states under international law to end impunity for these crimes.
18 July 2014: The UN released a detailed report stating that serious human rights violations have been committed by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and related armed groups between 5 June and 5 July 2014, including some that may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The report also notes that more than 1,500 Iraqi civilians were killed in June.
17 July 2014: The English translation of yesterday's decision in the Mothers of Srebrenica case is now available here.
17 July 2014: The President of Sri Lanka decided to extend the term of the Commission tasked with the investigation into disappearances and possible war crimes committed during the country's civil war (1983-2009) as international pressure to investigate the final stages of the war intensified.
17 July 2014: On the occasion of today's annual Day of International Criminal Justice that marks the adoption of the Rome Statute, the President of the ICC emphasised that all States, organisations and individuals play a role in the fight against impunity.
16 July 2014: In the case Mothers of Srebrenica, see also here, the District Court of The Hague has decided that the Netherlands is liable for the loss suffered by relatives of the more than 300 men who were deported by the Bosnian Serbs from the Dutchbat compound in Potocari on the afternoon of 13 July 1995, and the majority of which was then killed. For an English press release, see here. For the decision (in Dutch), see here.
15 July 2014: Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram killed at least 2,053 civilians in Nigeria over the past six months. The killings were part of widespread attacks on civilians and therefore may amount to crimes against humanity.
15 July 2014: The Kenyan government is criticised over its continued failure to properly investigate and deliver justice and compensation to victims of the 2007-2008 post-election violence which claimed 1,100 lives, displaced 660,000 and left thousands with long-term injuries.
14 July 2014: For the first time since communism collapsed in Romania 25 years ago, a former prison commander is put on trial for crimes against humanity. Alexandru Visinescu is charged with genocide, which is listed under crimes against humanity in the Romanian penal code.
14 July 2014: After conducting a two-week investigation in Northern-Iraq, Amnesty International has come to the conclusion that all parties to Iraq's current conflict have committed violations of international humanitarian law - including war crimes and gross abuses of human rights.
12 July 2014: HRW said that Iraqi forces and government affiliated militia's appear to have unlawfully executed more than 250 Sunni prisoners over the past month which may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.
11 July 2014: The District Court of The Hague decided that Jean Baptiste Mugimba, accused of involvement in the genocide committed against Tutsi during the 1994 Rwanda genocide, can be extradited to Rwanda (in Dutch only).
11 July 2014: The Dutch Supreme Court upheld the Court of Appeal's judgment barring the extradition of Sabir K., a terrorism suspect who's extradition has been requested by the US, on grounds of non-refoulement (in Dutch only).
11 July 2014: The UN is urged to conduct investigations into serious violations of international humanitarian law by both sides of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as there are signs that war crimes have been committed.
For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.