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Welcome to the International Crimes Database (ICD)


The International Crimes Database (ICD) website, hosted and maintained by the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague and supported by the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague, offers a comprehensive database on international crimes adjudicated by national, as well as international and internationalised courts.

For more information on the project, please visit 'About us' in the top right corner of this page. 

Our aim is to become a leading and indispensable resource for users in developing a better understanding of international crimes and international criminal law more generally.

The ICD team
The Hague, 12 November 2013



News updates


21 August 2014: Amnesty International published a briefing on the human rights situation in Mali which brings together the findings of a research mission to the country in June 2014. The briefing shows that the security situation in Mali remains volatile as various forms of human rights violations, including willful killings and abductions, have been perpetrated against civilians by armed opposition groups. Amnesty International calls on the ICC Prosecutor to closely follow-up reports of the recent willful killings and the taking of hostages allegedly committed by armed opposition groups as part of the ongoing investigation into crimes under international law in Mali. For the briefing, see here.  

20 August 2014:
The UN Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT) said that a French investigation conducted by the Prosecutor of the Paris Tribunal de Grande Instance into Father Wenceslas Munyeshyaka, a former Rwandan priest suspected of genocide, is in its final phase. In November 2007, the ICTR transferred the case of Munyeshyaka to France as part of its closure strategy. On 16 November 2006, a Rwandan Military Court in Kigali already convicted Munyeshyaka in absentia for involvement in the 1994 Rwandan genocide and sentenced him to life in prison.

20 August 2014: Human Rights Watch said that both opposition forces and South Sudan's army have recruited and used child soldiers during the country's current armed conflict that began in December 2013. The government used child soldiers in renewed fighting in mid-August and reportedly deployed them at their front lines around Bentiu for weeks. Under international law, the recruitment and use of children under the age of 18 in armed conflicts is generally prohibited, and under the age of 15 it constitutes a war crime.


19 August 2014: Sri Lankan President Rajapaksa said he persists in banning UN investigators conducting investigations into alleged war crimes committed during the last stage of Sri Lanka's civil war (1983-2009) when approximately 40,000 Tamil civilians were killed. Rajapaksa refuses to grant visas to UN investigators by stating that only a domestically established panel, which is being advised by international experts, can investigate allegations of war crimes and human rights violations.


18 August 2014: Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch (HRW) said that Israel has been preventing their workers from entering the Gaza Strip to conduct investigations into the latest fighting between Israel and Gaza-based militant groups that began on 8 July. Investigators of HRW have been banned from entering Gaza since 2006, and Amnesty International' investigators since 2012.

18 August 2014:
Human Rights Watch (HRW) said there is strong evidence that Kenya's counter-terrorism unit, the Anti-Terror Police Unit (ATPU), has carried out a series of extrajudicial killings and enforced disappearances of suspected terrorists. HRW said that while the ATPU has been conducting abusive operations for years, the Kenyan authorities have done nothing to investigate the alleged abuses. In November 2013, Open Society Justice Initiative and Muslims for Human Rights already released a report that provided a record of abuses - including torture and ill-treatment of detainees - conducted by the ATPU.


18 August 2014:  The ICC is reportedly under western pressure not to open an inquiry into alleged war crimes committed during Israel's Operation Protective Edge offensive in the Gaza Strip that began on 8 July. If the ICC opens an investigation, alleged war crimes by the Israeli military, Hamas and other Islamist militants will be investigated. 

15 August 2014:
The EU foreign ministers issued a statement saying that the EU remains seriously concerned about the deterioration of the security situation in Iraq. The ministers strongly condemned the atrocities and abuses committed by the Islamic State (IS) and other associated armed groups against religious minorities in Iraq, and said that those acts may amount to crimes against humanity that must be investigated so that the perpetrators are held accountable.


14 August 2014: The Director of the UN Joint Human Rights Office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) said that the war crimes trial that began this week against Bedi Mobuli Egangela, a former lieutenant colonel in the DRC army, will be a test case to see if a military tribunal can deliver justice for very serious crimes committed by high-ranking army officers. Egangela is charged with various crimes - including murder, rape and torture - allegedly committed between 2005-2006 in eastern DRC. 


13 August 2014: Two senior UN officials strongly condemned acts of sexual violence committed by Islamic State (IS) fighters against women and children belonging to Iraqi minorities and warned that those acts are grave human rights violations that can be considered as war crimes and crimes against humanity. The UN reported that about 1,500 women and girls belonging to the Yazidi, Christian and Shabak minority communities were abducted by IS, and that they may have been forced into sexual slavery. 

13 August 2014:
The UN Secretary General's 2014 report on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) has been released. This report is entitled "Fulfilling our collective responsibility: international assistance and the responsibility to protect" and outlines the ways in which national, regional and international actors can assist states in fulfilling their responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. For the report, see here.


12 August 2014: The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) published a paper stating that prisoners and detainees of Aleppo Central Prison (Syria) have reportedly been subjected to serious human rights violations by both government officials and armed opposition groups prior to and during a year-long siege of the prison (April 2013 - May 2014). The paper documents extra-judicial killings, ill-treatment and torture of inmates perpetrated by government forces, and states that these serious violations may amount to war crimes. For the paper, see here.


12 August 2014: Several UN human rights experts expressed grave concern over the fate of Yazidi civilians who fled to the Sinjar mountains in northern Iraq, and warned that a mass atrocity and potential genocide of the Yazidi population and other minority communities could still happen. The experts called upon the international community to take immediate action to protect the human rights of Yazidis and other affected communities.


12 August 2014: Human Rights Watch released a report stating that the systematic and widespread killing of at least 1,150 demonstrators by Egyptian security forces in July and August 2013 probably amounts to crimes against humanity. The report documents a series of mass killings not being investigated by Egyptian authorities, and calls on the UN Human Rights Council to establish an international commission of inquiry to investigate the killings. Furthermore, it says that senior security officials implicated in the killings should be investigated, including current President al-Sisi who had the command over the security forces that forcefully broke up several demonstrations. For a video showing the events that took place on 14 August 2013 when security forces raided two camps in Cairo occupied by supporters of ousted President Morsi, see here. For the report, see here


11 August 2014: Former Congolese militia leader Bosco Ntaganda's application to appeal at least 8 of the 18 charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity unanimously confirmed against him by pre-trial judges of the ICC has been rejected. Ntaganda's defense lawyer sought leave to appeal the confirmation decision on grounds that the defense could not challenge evidence, but this argument was dismissed because the core of the argument was a disagreement with the chamber on the type of evidence used for confirming the charges.


11 August 2014: The UN Human Rights Council appointed a three member international commission of inquiry to investigate alleged violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law committed during Israel's Operation Protective Edge offensive in the Gaza Strip that began on 8 July. The UN Human Rights Council agreed on the 23 July to launch an independent inquiry during its emergency session on the situation of human rights in Gaza.

11 August 2014:
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said that the UN can conduct an effective investigation into alleged war crimes committed during the last stage of Sri Lanka's civil war (1983-2009) without visiting the country. Sri Lankan President Rajapaksa rejected a resolution adopted by the UN Human Rights Council in March this year ordering a war crimes probe, and said that the government will not cooperate or grant visas to UN investigators. 


11 August 2014: Amnesty International released a report stating that the US military has failed to hold its soldiers accountable for unlawful civilian killings, torture and other abuses in Afghanistan. The report which examines the record of accountability for civilian deaths caused by international military operations during the period from 2009 to 2013, argues that the US government has failed to conduct investigations into possible war crimes and in prosecuting those allegedly responsible for those crimes. For the report, see here.


11 August 2014: Islamic militant group Hamas has reportedly demanded the Palestinian Authority to join the ICC in order to pursue Israel for war crimes, even though this would mean that Hamas itself could be subjected to the jurisdiction of the ICC. It is asserted that Palestinian President Abbas opposes efforts being undertaken to sign the Rome Statute because of forceful opposition of the United States and the European Union.


10 August 2014: Iraq's Human Rights Minister said that Islamic State (IS) fighters killed at least 500 members of Iraq's Yazidi religious minority group, buried some alive, and kidnapped women as slaves when they captured the town of Sinjar and other surrounding villages during their offensive in northern Iraq last week. The EU strongly condemned the attacks by IS and other armed groups, and said some attacks may constitute crimes against humanity.


8 August 2014: The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) said that the forced displacement of civilians from the Yazidi religious minority group in northern Iraq may constitute a crime against humanity. Thousands Yazidi civilians fled to the Sinjar mountains this week after being attacked by Islamic State (IS) fighters. The UN Security Council already condemned the attack and warned that those responsible could face trial for crimes against humanity.


8 August 2014: Human Rights Watch released a report stating that since fighting broke out in South Sudan in December 2013, both government and opposition forces committed acts that amount to war crimes, and potentially crimes against humanity. Human Rights Watch urges the UN Security Council, that this week already condemned recent attacks against civilians and humanitarian personnel, to hold both sides to account. For the report, see here


8 August 2014: US President Barack Obama authorized military airstrikes against Islamist militants in Iraq if needed to prevent a 'potential' genocide of the Yazidi, a religious minority group in Iraq. Obama also authorized a humanitarian mission to help the approximately 40,000 Yazidis that left their homes in Erbil and who are now trapped in the Sinjar mountains in northwestern Iraq after Islamic State (IS) fighters recently surged towards the capital of the Kurdish region. 


News archive

For news updates older than two weeks, please visit our news archive.