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Former team members

Sarah-Jane Koulen LL.M., was a researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague in the areas of international human rights law and international criminal law. She is also a PhD candidate at the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, and is working on a dissertation exploring the relationship between violations of economic and social rights and international criminal law. Before joining the Asser Instituut in 2011, Sarah-Jane worked in humanitarian assistance with Oxfam Novib and Cordaid respectively and briefly with the Coalition for the International Criminal Court  (CICC). She completed her LL.M. in Human Rights at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London, United Kingdom, and her BA in Liberal Arts & Sciences at the University College Roosevelt in Middelburg, the Netherlands.

Jessica Dorsey, J.D., LL.M., was a researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in The Hague in the areas of international humanitarian law, international human rights law and international criminal law. She also carries out Ph.D. research at the University of Amsterdam on the geographic and temporal scope of armed conflict in situations involving states and non-state actors. Additionally, Jessica is a research fellow at the International Center for Counter-Terrorism--The Hague, the editorial assistant on the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law and an assistant editor for the popular international law weblog Opinio Juris. Before working at the Asser Institute, Jessica taught at Utrecht University School of Law and worked for the Municipality of Utrecht on human rights projects after moving to the Netherlands from the United States in 2008.

External assistants:

Freek Wessels: I am a graphic designer and photographer living in The Hague, the Netherlands. For the ICD project I was asked to design the logo and website layout. In order to create a design that suits the philosophy of the ICD project, I kept the primary objectives of the project in mind and created a simple, clear, functional and user-friendly website that is suitable for everyone around the world.


Niels Rijke is a young lawyer, specialised in human rights, international law and the rule of law, with experience in politics, (legal) research, policy work, board governance and in working and living in an international environment. He graduated in International Criminal Law (LLM, Columbia University / University of Amsterdam) in the summer of 2013 and has worked for the ICD project of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut. Currently, he is working at the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).

Ioanna Kroustouri holds a Bachelor of Laws from University of Athens. In 2012, she graduated from Tilburg University obtaining a Master’s degree in International and European Public Law with specialization in human rights. After finishing her studies, she worked as an intern in The Hague Institute for the Internationalization of Law (HiiL) assisting in Legal Tools Project of the International Criminal Court. Recently, she completed an internship at the Trial Chambers of the International Criminal Court where she worked mainly in Bemba case.

General interns:

Wim Zimmermann, LL.M., is an intern at the Public International Law cluster of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut. After completing three Bachelor’s degrees (in Law, Sociology and Urban and Regional Planning) at the University of Amsterdam, he decided to focus on the subject of international law. The following year he obtained his master’s degree (cum laude) in International and European Law, with a focus on public international law. His master’s thesis, titled “The Role of International Law in the Crimean Crisis: Using Indeterminacy as a Strategy to Avoid Reputational Damage”, explored the possibilities for integrating compliance theory and critical international legal theory in the hope of shedding light on the legal discussions during the Crimean Crisis and its aftermath. His interests lie in the broad fields of public international law and (international) legal theory. Specific areas include the jus ad bellum and the concept of humanitarian intervention, international criminal law and critical international legal theory.

Nadia Grant LL.M., is an intern for the International Crimes Database. After completing an LL.B. in the United Kingdom and Spain, Nadia holds an LL.M. in International Law and Languages from Maastricht University. Nadia has specialised in international criminal and human rights law, and has previously undertaken various internships in these fields in several countries, including the Netherlands, the UK, Austria and South Africa.


Manon Beury, LL.M., M.A., is an intern for the International Crimes Database. She holds a French LL.B. of the University of Bordeaux, two Master’s degrees respectively in International Relations and in European Studies, both obtained at the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium), and a LL.M. in Public International Law of Leiden University. During the course of her studies she spent one year at the University of Pecs (Hungary) and six months at the University of Geneva (Switzerland) as an exchange student. She wrote three Master’s thesis; respectively on the EU strategy countering piracy in the Gulf of Aden, the protection of fundamental rights by the European Court of Justice, and State responsibility regarding hydrocarbon activities in the Arctic Ocean. In 2014 Manon completed a ‘Blue Book’ internship within the Legal Affairs division of the European External Action Service. Her main fields of interest include EU foreign policy, counter-terrorism and international environmental law.

Pieter Rademakers has a background in Dutch & international law, specifically in the law of armed conflict and flag-state responsibility for security on the high seas. During internships at the Asser Institute and the Peace Palace Library, and through a chairmanship at JASON Institute, Pieter did not only gain experience in putting these theories in practice, he also had the opportunity to highly develop multiple competences, such as leadership, communication skills and public speaking. Pieter would like to complete a master in (international) environmental law.

Nadia Melehi holds an LLM in Public International Law of the University of Amsterdam. She participated in an exchange program at the Universidad Pontificia Comillas Madrid, where she focused on international law and improving her Spanish language skills. Because of her interest in international humanitarian and criminal law, Nadia completed an internship at the T.M.C. Asser Institute, where she contributed to the ICD website. This internship sparked an interest in research and by receiving an honorable mention in the American University's Human Rights Essay Award 2013 her LLM thesis on sexual orientation discrimination will be published.

Fenna van Kempen obtained an LLM in International and European Law at the University of Amsterdam in 2012. After gaining work experience as a junior lecturer at Utrecht University, she became an intern at the international humanitarian law/international criminal law section of the T.M.C Asser Instituut. Currently she is working as a legal intern at the UNHCR in The Hague.  


Fréderique van Oijen holds an LL.M. in International and European Law from the Radboud University Nijmegen, which she obtained with a thesis on the international responsibility for human rights violations committed during UN peacekeeping operations. Fréderique has since obtained an LL.M. in International Law and Security at the University of Glasgow, where she wrote her thesis on UN Security Council control over the implementation of resolutions authorizing humanitarian interventions. During her studies, she attended a minor in International Relations and studied at Lund University through the Erasmus Programme.

Alina Balta LL.M., M.Sc., is an intern within the Public International Law (PIL) cluster of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut. She is working on a daily basis on the International Crimes Database, updating the News and Case-Law sections, managing part of Social Media platforms and helping out with ICD Briefs. She is also providing assistance on various research projects and conferences carried out in the context of the PIL cluster as well as undertaking various other tasks as required. Alina has previously interned at the Coalition for the International Criminal Court and INTERVICT. She holds an LL.M. in International and European Public Law and an M.Sc. in Victimology and Criminal Justice, both obtained at Tilburg University. 

Matt Brown holds an LL.B in European and International Law from the University of Sheffield (U.K.) and is currently finishing his LL.M in Public International Law at Leiden University. He has previous work experience with the Kalshoven-Gieskes Forum at Leiden University working on an international humanitarian law research project and holds research interests in both international criminal law (ICL) and international humanitarian law (IHL). Currently, Matt is writing his LL.M thesis on the applicability of Islamic jurisprudence with respect to the compliance of non-state armed groups with IHL, in particular asking whether pluralist approaches to the application of IHL could generate positive results in dealing with the Islamic State. Outside of his research interests, Matt is a travel, languages and culture enthusiast with an international mindset.

Caroline Toussaint is currently finishing her LLM in Public International Law at Leiden University. She previously obtained a bachelor in law and a masters in International and European Law at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, in Belgium. Her undergraduate studies also included an Erasmus at the University of Helsinki, in Finland. Currently, Caroline is writing her LLM thesis on the detention of fighters in non-international armed conflicts.

Caroline’s research interests include international humanitarian law, human rights and European law. On a more personal level, she enjoys travelling, discovering new cultures and learning languages.

Geneviève Girard is a qualified lawyer and a member of the Quebec Bar (Canada). She holds two bachelor degrees, one in International Relations (B.Sc.) and the other one in Law (LL.B.) from the University of Montreal. During her undergraduate studies she also completed a one-year certificate in Political Science from SciencePo Lyon, France and one semester of studies at the Universidad Torcuato Di Tella in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She obtained an Advanced LL.M. in Public International Law from Leiden University in 2015 and wrote her master’s thesis on the subject of political participation as a tool for transitional justice mechanisms in post-conflict societies.

Before joining the Asser Institute, Genevieve worked as Legal Attachée as well as Advisor in the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. More recently, she undertook a field mission to Guatemala with the Canadian NGO Lawyers Without Borders, where she contributed to the domestic judicial proceedings of international crimes. Her previous professional experience also includes working as Legal Writer in the national jurisprudence service of Thomson Reuters in Montreal, and interning at the Embassy of Canada to Peru in Lima. She also served as Editorial Assistant for the Leiden Journal of International Law. She is fluent in French, English and Spanish.

Genevieve is currently working as Editorial Assistant for the Netherlands Yearbook of International Law (NYIL) as well as the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law (YIHL). Her main fields of interest include international humanitarian, criminal and human rights law as well as transitional justice processes.

Elena Cecchini is currently in her last semester of her LL.B. programme in International and European Law at The Hague University of Applied Sciences, where she specialized in International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law. Before joining the Asser Institute, Elena interned with the International Justice Program of Human Rights Watch in Brussels, and previously volunteered in an Italian centre for unaccompanied minors. Her research fields of interest include international criminal and international humanitarian law, international human rights law, refugee and migration law; she is now particularly interested in issues concerning the exercise of universal jurisdiction by national courts, emerging crimes under international criminal law, and the extraterritorial application of human rights treaties.

Case rapporteurs:

Janos Ferencz acted an intern and case rapporteur to the ICD project between June 2012 and June 2013. Janos graduated from the Hague University's International and European Law LL.B. programme in 2013. He is currently studying European Law at Maastricht University and works as junior legal consultant at Panteia B.V.

Reka Hollos graduated from Kings College London with First Class Honours in English Law and French Law before going on to pursue an LLM in Public International Law at Leiden University. She interned in Chambers at the International Criminal Court and subsequently worked for Pre-Trial Chamber I as a Contractor. She is presently in London completing her training to become a barrister and working as a research assistant part time.

Sofia Intoudi was born and raised in Athens, Greece. She studied Law at the University of Athens, where she also completed her first LLM in Public International Law. From April 2009 until August 2011, she worked as a lawyer at a law firm in Athens. In 2012, she attended the Advanced LLM Programme in Public International Law (ICL Specialisation) at Leiden University. From June 2012 until July 2013, she interned at the Asser Institute (June 2012-December 2012), at the European Patent Office (September 2012-April 2013) and at Europol (May 2013-July 2013). In August 2013, she joined the Legal Service of CERN in Geneva as a lawyer. 

Charlotte Duijf obtained an LLM in Public International Law at Utrecht University and an MSc in Theory and History of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science. She worked at the University of Utrecht as a junior lecturer. Also, she conducted research on the role of the right to self-determinations in the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.

Sharon Shenbar LL.M., M.A. studied Law and Politics at the VU University of Amsterdam and The Politics of Conflict in Beer Sheva, Israel. Her main fields of interest are international conflicts, international humanitarian law and human rights law. Sharon feels contributing to the ICD Database has been a very valuable experience, and a unique opportunity to be part of a project of great importance from the very beginning.

Sophie van Dijken studied Dutch and European Law School at Maastricht University and completed her LLM in Public International Law at the University of Amsterdam. During her studies, she was particularly interested in international humanitarian law and international criminal law. She co-authored a research report on the valuation of human life in national and international practice, commissioned by the Washington-based Center for Civilians in Conflict. Currently she is working as a lawyer at a law firm in Amsterdam.


Trajče P. Gjorgjiev eagerly joined the ICD Project team in October, 2013. Coming from Macedonia, he is finishing his bachelor in international and European law at The Hague University and is looking forward to a master in international environmental law and policy. He has previously worked at the ICTY as legal intern and at HiiL as student assistant.


Donika Tsaneva joined the T.M.C. Asser Instituut in October 2013 as a case rapporteur. During her studies, she specialized in International Criminal Law and International Humanitarian Law. In addition, she acquired practical experience in the area through internships with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Donika currently pursues her Master Degree in Corporate and Commercial Law at Maastricht University.